Jacques Chaoulli was born in France in 1952. After obtaining his medical doctorate from Université de Paris VII, he immigrated to Quebec in 1978 and undertook research in medical education at Laval University’s faculty of medicine. He received a master’s degree in education from Laval University in 1982. He has practiced medicine in Quebec since 1986. As a first-hand observer of the difficulties of access to health services, he began, in 1996, to make a particular examination of these problems, notably by analyzing the health systems of countries comparable to Canada. Since 1997, he has studied the legal frameworks governing health-care systems in Quebec and Canada.