http://www.iedm.org/rss en Oxfam réutilise une méthodologie maintes fois dénoncée http://www.iedm.org/node/66599 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.journaldemontreal.com/blogues, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>Oxfam d&eacute;nonce la concentration de la richesse au sein du 1 % les plus fortun&eacute;s de la plan&egrave;te.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/node/66599" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Wed, 18 Jan 2017 20:18:22 +0000 iedm 66599 at http://www.iedm.org Oxfam réutilise une méthodologie maintes fois dénoncée http://www.iedm.org/66598-oxfam-reutilise-une-methodologie-maintes-fois-denoncee <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.journaldemontreal.com/blogues, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>Oxfam is denouncing the concentration of wealth among the most fortunate 1% on the planet.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/66598-oxfam-reutilise-une-methodologie-maintes-fois-denoncee" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Wed, 18 Jan 2017 20:17:37 +0000 iedm 66598 at http://www.iedm.org Élargissement du régime de retraite public : Québec a raison de ne pas suivre Ottawa http://www.iedm.org/node/66597 <p><strong>Montr&eacute;al, le 18 janvier 2017 &ndash;</strong> Alors que plusieurs groupes de pression incitent le gouvernement du Qu&eacute;bec de suivre l&rsquo;exemple d&rsquo;Ottawa et d&rsquo;&eacute;tendre le R&eacute;gime des rentes du Qu&eacute;bec (RRQ), l&#39;IEDM rappelle qu&rsquo;il s&rsquo;agirait d&rsquo;un cadeau empoisonn&eacute; pour les travailleurs, qui subiraient les co&ucirc;ts d&rsquo;une telle politique.</p><div class="field field-type-text field-field-snpicture"> <div class="field-label">SN Picture:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> /files/image/retraite.jpg </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">SN:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Alors que plusieurs groupes de pression incitent le gouvernement du Québec de suivre l’exemple d’Ottawa et d’étendre le Régime des rentes du Québec (RRQ), l&#039;IEDM rappelle qu’il s’agirait d’un cadeau empoisonné pour les travailleurs, qui subiraient les coûts d’une telle politique. Une bonification du régime public se traduira par une augmentation des contributions déduites à la source, tant celles des travailleurs que des employeurs. Cela entraînera une diminution du revenu disponible pour les Canadiens, jusqu’à 2130 $ par année. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/node/66597" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Wed, 18 Jan 2017 16:28:15 +0000 iedm 66597 at http://www.iedm.org Élargissement du régime de retraite public : Québec a raison de ne pas suivre Ottawa http://www.iedm.org/66596-elargissement-du-regime-de-retraite-public-quebec-a-raison-de-ne-pas-suivre-ottawa <p><strong>Montreal, January 18, 2017 &ndash;</strong> Alors que plusieurs groupes de pression incitent le gouvernement du Qu&eacute;bec de suivre l&rsquo;exemple d&rsquo;Ottawa et d&rsquo;&eacute;tendre le R&eacute;gime des rentes du Qu&eacute;bec (RRQ), l&#39;IEDM rappelle qu&rsquo;il s&rsquo;agirait d&rsquo;un cadeau empoisonn&eacute; pour les travailleurs, qui subiraient les co&ucirc;ts d&rsquo;une telle politique. Une bonification du r&eacute;gime public se traduira par une augmentation des contributions d&eacute;duites &agrave; la source, tant celles des travailleurs que des employeurs.</p><div class="field field-type-text field-field-snpicture"> <div class="field-label">SN Picture:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> /files/image/retraite.jpg </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">SN:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Alors que plusieurs groupes de pression incitent le gouvernement du Québec de suivre l’exemple d’Ottawa et d’étendre le Régime des rentes du Québec (RRQ), l&#039;IEDM rappelle qu’il s’agirait d’un cadeau empoisonné pour les travailleurs, qui subiraient les coûts d’une telle politique. Une bonification du régime public se traduira par une augmentation des contributions déduites à la source, tant celles des travailleurs que des employeurs. Cela entraînera une diminution du revenu disponible pour les Canadiens, jusqu’à 2130 $ par année. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/66596-elargissement-du-regime-de-retraite-public-quebec-a-raison-de-ne-pas-suivre-ottawa" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Wed, 18 Jan 2017 16:28:01 +0000 iedm 66596 at http://www.iedm.org Inégalités : En faisant la chasse aux riches, Oxfam oublie encore les pauvres http://www.iedm.org/node/66595 <p><strong>Montr&eacute;al, le 18 janvier 2017 &ndash;</strong>&nbsp;Pour une quatri&egrave;me ann&eacute;e de suite, Oxfam d&eacute;nonce la concentration de la richesse au sein du 1&nbsp;% les plus fortun&eacute;s de la plan&egrave;te. Le probl&egrave;me est que son rapport Une &eacute;conomie au service des 99 % est, encore une fois, aussi malhonn&ecirc;te qu&rsquo;erron&eacute;. En effet, l&#39;affirmation du rapport selon laquelle &laquo;&nbsp;huit hommes poss&egrave;dent autant que la moiti&eacute; de la population mondiale&nbsp;&raquo; est bas&eacute;e sur des donn&eacute;es justes, mais des calculs trompeurs.</p> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-snpicture"> <div class="field-label">SN Picture:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> /files/image/communique-de-presse-facebook.jpg </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">SN:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Pour une quatrième année de suite, Oxfam dénonce la concentration de la richesse au sein du 1 % les plus fortunés de la planète. Le problème est que son rapport Une économie au service des 99 % est, encore une fois, aussi malhonnête qu’erroné. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/node/66595" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Wed, 18 Jan 2017 15:59:10 +0000 iedm 66595 at http://www.iedm.org Inequality: By attacking the rich, Oxfam is again forgetting the poor http://www.iedm.org/66594-inequality-by-attacking-the-rich-oxfam-is-again-forgetting-the-poor <p><strong>Montreal, January 18, 2017 &ndash;</strong>&nbsp;For a fourth year in a row, Oxfam is denouncing the concentration of wealth among the most fortunate 1% on the planet. The problem is that its report, An Economy for the 99%, is once again as dishonest as it is mistaken.&nbsp;To be precise, the report&rsquo;s statement that &ldquo;eight men own the same wealth as the poorest half of the world&rdquo; is based on accurate data, but on misleading calculations.&nbsp;</p> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-snpicture"> <div class="field-label">SN Picture:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> /files/image/communique-de-presse-facebook.jpg </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">SN:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> For a fourth year in a row, Oxfam is denouncing the concentration of wealth among the most fortunate 1% on the planet. The problem is that its report, An Economy for the 99%, is once again as dishonest as it is mistaken. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/66594-inequality-by-attacking-the-rich-oxfam-is-again-forgetting-the-poor" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Wed, 18 Jan 2017 15:55:35 +0000 iedm 66594 at http://www.iedm.org Bigger than Trump or Trudeau http://www.iedm.org/node/66577 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> National Post, p. FP7 </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>L&rsquo;int&eacute;gration de l&rsquo;industrie automobile nord-am&eacute;ricaine compromise.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/node/66577" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Tue, 17 Jan 2017 14:09:25 +0000 iedm 66577 at http://www.iedm.org Bigger than Trump or Trudeau http://www.iedm.org/66576-bigger-than-trump-or-trudeau <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> National Post, p. FP7 </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>The integration of the North American automotive industry jeopardized.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/66576-bigger-than-trump-or-trudeau" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Tue, 17 Jan 2017 14:07:15 +0000 iedm 66576 at http://www.iedm.org Trump tweets hit windshield of reality http://www.iedm.org/node/66493 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Toronto Sun, p. 20 </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>L&rsquo;int&eacute;gration de l&rsquo;industrie automobile nord-am&eacute;ricaine compromise.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/node/66493" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Fri, 13 Jan 2017 13:13:36 +0000 iedm 66493 at http://www.iedm.org Trump tweets hit windshield of reality http://www.iedm.org/66492-trump-tweets-hit-windshield-of-reality <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Toronto Sun, p. 20 </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>The integration of the North American automotive industry jeopardized.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/66492-trump-tweets-hit-windshield-of-reality" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Fri, 13 Jan 2017 13:12:20 +0000 iedm 66492 at http://www.iedm.org Le président Trump et le protectionnisme canadien http://www.iedm.org/node/66421 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.journaldemontreal.com/blogues, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>Le protectionnisme et les relations canado-am&eacute;ricaines.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/node/66421" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Thu, 12 Jan 2017 21:53:00 +0000 iedm 66421 at http://www.iedm.org Le président Trump et le protectionnisme canadien http://www.iedm.org/66420-le-president-trump-et-le-protectionnisme-canadien <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.journaldemontreal.com/blogues, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>Protectionism and Canada-US relations.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/66420-le-president-trump-et-le-protectionnisme-canadien" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Thu, 12 Jan 2017 21:53:00 +0000 iedm 66420 at http://www.iedm.org Trump et le secteur automobile http://www.iedm.org/node/66326 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Le Droit, p. 13 </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>L&rsquo;int&eacute;gration de l&rsquo;industrie automobile nord-am&eacute;ricaine compromise.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/node/66326" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Thu, 12 Jan 2017 11:53:35 +0000 iedm 66326 at http://www.iedm.org Trump et le secteur automobile http://www.iedm.org/66325-trump-et-le-secteur-automobile <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Le Droit, p. 13 </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>The integration of the North American automotive industry jeopardized.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/66325-trump-et-le-secteur-automobile" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Thu, 12 Jan 2017 11:49:28 +0000 iedm 66325 at http://www.iedm.org Le Point – Le président Trump menace-t-il l’industrie automobile canadienne ? http://www.iedm.org/node/66324 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-subtitle"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Point montrant qu’il n’est pas dans l’intérêt économique des États-Unis de compromettre l’intégration de l’industrie automobile nord-américaine </div> </div> </div> <p>Les r&eacute;centes d&eacute;clarations de Donald Trump concernant les investissements des g&eacute;ants de l&rsquo;industrie automobile et les importations de v&eacute;hicules en provenance du Mexique ont cr&eacute;&eacute; beaucoup d&rsquo;incertitude au Canada. Sa menace d&rsquo;imposer des tarifs &agrave; la fronti&egrave;re am&eacute;ricano-mexicaine pour prot&eacute;ger l&rsquo;industrie automobile soul&egrave;ve la possibilit&eacute; que le Canada puisse lui aussi &ecirc;tre touch&eacute; par une telle mesure.</p><div class="field field-type-text field-field-full"> <div class="field-label">Full Content:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><strong>Ce <em>Point </em>a &eacute;t&eacute; pr&eacute;par&eacute; par Germain Belzile, chercheur associ&eacute; senior, d&eacute;partement des interventions li&eacute;es &agrave; l&rsquo;actualit&eacute;, &agrave; l&rsquo;IEDM, et Alexandre Moreau, analyste en politiques publiques &agrave; l&rsquo;IEDM.</strong><br /> <br /> Les r&eacute;centes d&eacute;clarations de Donald Trump concernant les investissements des g&eacute;ants de l&rsquo;industrie automobile et les importations de v&eacute;hicules en provenance du Mexique ont cr&eacute;&eacute; beaucoup d&rsquo;incertitude au Canada(1). Sa menace d&rsquo;imposer des tarifs &agrave; la fronti&egrave;re am&eacute;ricano-mexicaine pour prot&eacute;ger l&rsquo;industrie automobile soul&egrave;ve la possibilit&eacute; que le Canada puisse lui aussi &ecirc;tre touch&eacute; par une telle mesure. Si tel &eacute;tait le cas, les cons&eacute;quences &eacute;conomiques pourraient &ecirc;tre tr&egrave;s n&eacute;fastes autant pour les Am&eacute;ricains que les Canadiens puisqu&rsquo;apr&egrave;s un demi-si&egrave;cle de lib&eacute;ralisation des &eacute;changes, les industries automobiles des deux pays sont aujourd&rsquo;hui compl&egrave;tement int&eacute;gr&eacute;es.<br /> <br /> <strong>Du Pacte de l&rsquo;auto &agrave; l&rsquo;AL&Eacute;NA</strong><br /> <br /> Au d&eacute;but des ann&eacute;es 1960, l&rsquo;industrie canadienne de l&rsquo;automobile &eacute;tait entrav&eacute;e par d&rsquo;importantes barri&egrave;res tarifaires. Un nombre restreint d&rsquo;entreprises produisaient peu de voitures et celles-ci &eacute;taient destin&eacute;es presque exclusivement aux consommateurs canadiens. La production totale canadienne n&rsquo;&eacute;tait alors que de 379 000 v&eacute;hicules par ann&eacute;e, alors qu&rsquo;on estimait qu&rsquo;une usine devait fabriquer au moins 300 000 unit&eacute;s d&rsquo;un seul mod&egrave;le pour obtenir des &eacute;conomies d&rsquo;&eacute;chelle substantielles. Par cons&eacute;quent, une voiture achet&eacute;e au Canada &eacute;tait jusqu&rsquo;&agrave; 50&nbsp;% plus dispendieuse que si elle avait &eacute;t&eacute; achet&eacute;e aux &Eacute;tats-Unis et les consommateurs canadiens avaient acc&egrave;s &agrave; une moins grande vari&eacute;t&eacute; de mod&egrave;les(2).<br /> <br /> En 1965, un conflit commercial entre les &Eacute;tats-Unis et le Canada a d&eacute;bouch&eacute; sur la ratification du Pacte de l&rsquo;automobile entre les deux pays. Cet accord permettait aux grands manufacturiers ainsi qu&rsquo;&agrave; leurs fournisseurs d&rsquo;int&eacute;grer leurs installations des deux c&ocirc;t&eacute;s de la fronti&egrave;re en r&eacute;duisant substantiellement les tarifs douaniers. Cette int&eacute;gration transfrontali&egrave;re et la r&eacute;organisation de la production qu&rsquo;elle a entra&icirc;n&eacute;e ont permis une allocation plus efficiente des ressources d&eacute;coulant d&rsquo;un niveau accru de sp&eacute;cialisation et d&rsquo;&eacute;conomies d&rsquo;&eacute;chelles(3). L&rsquo;ouverture de la fronti&egrave;re a aussi encourag&eacute; l&rsquo;&eacute;largissement des cha&icirc;nes logistiques de l&rsquo;industrie automobile, de sorte qu&rsquo;une plus grande vari&eacute;t&eacute; de fournisseurs en provenance des deux pays ont pu &ecirc;tre impliqu&eacute;s dans la fabrication d&rsquo;une m&ecirc;me voiture(4).<br /> <br /> L&rsquo;int&eacute;gration du march&eacute; nord-am&eacute;ricain de l&rsquo;automobile s&rsquo;est encore plus accentu&eacute;e avec l&rsquo;entr&eacute;e en vigueur de l&rsquo;AL&Eacute;NA en 1994, qui est venu supplanter le Pacte de l&rsquo;auto. Celui-ci a &eacute;t&eacute; aboli en 2001 lorsque certaines de ses dispositions ont &eacute;t&eacute; d&eacute;clar&eacute;es ill&eacute;gales par l&rsquo;Organisation mondiale du commerce(5).<br /> <br /> <strong>L&rsquo;int&eacute;gration est source de prosp&eacute;rit&eacute;</strong><br /> <br /> Depuis l&rsquo;entr&eacute;e en vigueur de l&rsquo;AL&Eacute;NA, la valeur de la production et des exportations totales de l&rsquo;industrie automobile canadienne a augment&eacute; de fa&ccedil;on substantielle.<br /> <br /> En tenant compte de l&rsquo;inflation, la production des usines d&rsquo;assemblages et des fournisseurs de pi&egrave;ces est pass&eacute;e de 51,2 milliards de dollars en 1992 &agrave; 92,7 milliards en 2015, soit une augmentation de 81&nbsp;%(6). Parall&egrave;lement, on a observ&eacute; une hausse de 72&nbsp;% des exportations, qui atteignent maintenant pas moins de 77 milliards de dollars.<br /> <br /> Cette hausse s&rsquo;explique principalement par une augmentation du volume des &eacute;changes commerciaux du Canada avec ses partenaires de l&rsquo;AL&Eacute;NA. &Agrave; lui seul, le march&eacute; am&eacute;ricain repr&eacute;sente 96&nbsp;% des exportations canadiennes pour cette industrie. Le reste se r&eacute;partit dans une proportion comparable entre le Mexique et les autres pays(7).<br /> <br /> Par cons&eacute;quent, l&rsquo;industrie automobile canadienne est tr&egrave;s d&eacute;pendante de son voisin pour maintenir son niveau de production et les 125 400 emplois directs qui s&rsquo;y rattachent(8). L&rsquo;inverse est aussi vrai puisque les producteurs automobiles am&eacute;ricains ont export&eacute; au Canada pour plus de 62 milliards de dollars en 2015 (<a href="/files/image/figure1lepoint0117_fr.jpg" target="_blank">voir Figure 1</a>).<br /> <br /> Les &eacute;changes commerciaux entre les deux voisins sont d&rsquo;ailleurs tr&egrave;s concentr&eacute;s entre l&rsquo;Ontario, o&ugrave; l&rsquo;on retrouve la quasi-totalit&eacute; de la production automobile canadienne et des emplois(9), et l&rsquo;&Eacute;tat voisin du Michigan.<br /> <br /> Cette forte croissance de la production d&eacute;montre l&rsquo;importance de l&rsquo;int&eacute;gration des usines canadiennes et am&eacute;ricaines situ&eacute;es tout pr&egrave;s de la fronti&egrave;re. Une pi&egrave;ce initialement manufactur&eacute;e au Canada peut traverser la fronti&egrave;re canado-am&eacute;ricaine &agrave; plusieurs reprises avant l&rsquo;&eacute;tape finale de l&rsquo;assemblage. La pi&egrave;ce devient une partie d&rsquo;une composante et ultimement d&rsquo;un v&eacute;hicule. Chacune des &eacute;tapes de transformation est r&eacute;alis&eacute;e par une multitude d&rsquo;entreprises ultra sp&eacute;cialis&eacute;es.<br /> <br /> <strong>Conclusion</strong><br /> <br /> Le niveau d&rsquo;int&eacute;gration des usines d&rsquo;assemblage et des fournisseurs situ&eacute;s des deux c&ocirc;t&eacute;s de la fronti&egrave;re est tel que l&rsquo;imposition de tarifs douaniers viendrait briser ces liens et serait tr&egrave;s co&ucirc;teuse pour les deux pays.<br /> <br /> Les grands manufacturiers am&eacute;ricains comme Ford, Fiat Chrysler et General Motors poss&egrave;dent plusieurs usines d&rsquo;assemblage au Canada. Leur comp&eacute;titivit&eacute; d&eacute;pend fortement des &eacute;conomies d&rsquo;&eacute;chelle rendues possibles par l&rsquo;&eacute;largissement des chaines d&rsquo;approvisionnement qu&rsquo;ils ont &eacute;tablies avec les fournisseurs de pi&egrave;ces canadiens.<br /> <br /> L&rsquo;imposition de contraintes &agrave; la fronti&egrave;re canado-am&eacute;ricaine permettrait peut-&ecirc;tre des gains &agrave; court terme pour un nombre restreint de travailleurs am&eacute;ricains, mais les consommateurs devront payer davantage pour obtenir la m&ecirc;me voiture. &Agrave; plus long terme, les entreprises situ&eacute;es aux &Eacute;tats-Unis pourraient voir leur comp&eacute;titivit&eacute; relative diminuer face aux fabricants japonais, sud-cor&eacute;ens et europ&eacute;ens. Si cela se produit, le nombre de voitures produites en sol am&eacute;ricain pourrait diminuer et des emplois seraient perdus.<br /> <br /> Pour toutes ces raisons, il n&rsquo;est clairement pas dans l&rsquo;int&eacute;r&ecirc;t &eacute;conomique des &Eacute;tats-Unis de compromettre l&rsquo;int&eacute;gration de l&rsquo;industrie automobile am&eacute;ricaine avec celle du Canada, ni d&rsquo;ailleurs avec celle du Mexique. Il reste &agrave; voir si d&rsquo;autres consid&eacute;rations de nature plus politique ne motiveront pas la nouvelle administration Trump &agrave; adopter quand m&ecirc;me des mesures protectionnistes.<br /> <br /> <strong>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences</strong><br /> <br /> 1. &laquo;&nbsp;Canada auto industry faces Trump uncertainty &ndash; analysts&nbsp;&raquo;, ICIS News, 4 janvier 2017; Greg Keenan et Laura Stone, &laquo;&nbsp;Trump scores victory as Ford shelves plans for Mexican plant&nbsp;&raquo;, <em>The Globe and Mail</em>, 3 janvier 2017.<br /> 2. Michael Hart, &laquo;&nbsp;The Auto Pact: Forerunner of Free Trade (book excerpt)&nbsp;&raquo;, <em>Options politiques</em>, 1er d&eacute;cembre 2002.<br /> 3. Albert Park, Gaurav Nayyar et Patrick Low, <em>Supply Chain Perspectives and Issues: A Literature Review</em>, Organisation mondiale du commerce et Fung Global Institute, 2013, p. 34.<br /> 4. Michael Hart et Bill Dymond, &laquo;&nbsp;Th&eacute;orie du commerce, politique commerciale et int&eacute;gration transfrontali&egrave;re&nbsp;&raquo;, dans Dan Ciuriak (dir.), <em>Les recherches en politique commerciale</em>, Ministre des Travaux publics et Services gouvernementaux du Canada, 2006, p. 119, 148 et 149.<br /> 5. Organisation mondiale du commerce, R&egrave;glement des diff&eacute;rents : affaire DS139, Canada &mdash; Certaines mesures affectant l&rsquo;industrie automobile, 24 f&eacute;vrier 2010.<br /> 6. Les donn&eacute;es sont exprim&eacute;es en dollars constants de 2015 en utilisant l&rsquo;indice des prix industriels sp&eacute;cifique &agrave; chaque sous-cat&eacute;gorie de l&rsquo;industrie automobile. Statistique Canada, Tableau CANSIM 329-0077 : Indices des prix des produits industriels, selon le Syst&egrave;me de classification des industries de l&rsquo;Am&eacute;rique du Nord (SCIAN), 1992-2015; Industrie Canada, Recherche par industrie (code SCIAN) - donn&eacute;es sur le commerce en direct, Exportations totales, 1992-2015.<br /> 7. <em>Ibid</em>.<br /> 8. Statistique Canada, Tableau CANSIM 281-0023 : Enqu&ecirc;te sur l&rsquo;emploi, la r&eacute;mun&eacute;ration et les heures de travail (EERH), emploi selon le type de salari&eacute;s et le Syst&egrave;me de classification des industries de l&rsquo;Am&eacute;rique du Nord (SCIAN), 2015.<br /> 9. En 2015, l&rsquo;Ontario d&eacute;tenait 83,3&nbsp;% des 125 400 emplois et 94,6&nbsp;% des livraisons manufacturi&egrave;res. Statistique Canada, Tableau CANSIM 304-0015 : Ventes pour les industries manufacturi&egrave;res, selon le Syst&egrave;me de classification des industries de l&rsquo;Am&eacute;rique du Nord (SCIAN) et province, 1992-2015; Statistique Canada, <em>op. cit.</em>, note 8. ​</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-snpicture"> <div class="field-label">SN Picture:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> /files/image/large-lepoint0117.jpg </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">SN:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Les récentes déclarations de Donald Trump concernant les investissements des géants de l’industrie automobile et les importations de véhicules en provenance du Mexique ont créé beaucoup d’incertitude au Canada. Sa menace d’imposer des tarifs à la frontière américano-mexicaine pour protéger l’industrie automobile soulève la possibilité que le Canada puisse lui aussi être touché par une telle mesure. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/node/66324" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Thu, 12 Jan 2017 10:00:00 +0000 iedm 66324 at http://www.iedm.org Viewpoint – Is President Trump a Threat to Canada’s Auto Industry? http://www.iedm.org/66323-viewpoint-is-president-trump-a-threat-to-canada-s-auto-industry <div class="field field-type-text field-field-subtitle"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Viewpoint showing that it is not in the economic interest of the United States to jeopardize the integration of the North American automotive industry </div> </div> </div> <p>Donald Trump&rsquo;s recent statements regarding the investments of auto industry giants and vehicle imports from Mexico have created significant uncertainty in Canada. His threat to impose tariffs at the U.S.-Mexico border to protect the American auto industry raises the possibility that Canada might also be affected by such a measure. If this were to happen, the economic consequences could be very harmful for both Americans and Canadians, since after half a century of trade liberalization, the two countries&rsquo; automotive industries are now completely integrated.<br /> </p><div class="field field-type-text field-field-full"> <div class="field-label">Full Content:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><strong>This <em>Viewpoint </em>was prepared by Germain Belzile, Senior Associate Researcher, Current Affairs, at the MEI, and Alexandre Moreau, Public Policy Analyst at the MEI.</strong><br /> <br /> Donald Trump&rsquo;s recent statements regarding the investments of auto industry giants and vehicle imports from Mexico have created significant uncertainty in Canada.(1) His threat to impose tariffs at the U.S.-Mexico border to protect the American auto industry raises the possibility that Canada might also be affected by such a measure. If this were to happen, the economic consequences could be very harmful for both Americans and Canadians, since after half a century of trade liberalization, the two countries&rsquo; automotive industries are now completely integrated.<br /> <br /> <strong>From the Auto Pact to NAFTA</strong><br /> <br /> In the early 1960s, the Canadian auto industry was fettered by substantial tariff barriers. A limited number of companies produced few vehicles, and these were intended almost exclusively for Canadian consumers. Total Canadian production was just 379,000 vehicles a year at the time, whereas it was estimated that a factory needed to manufacture at least 300,000 units of a single model to obtain substantial economies of scale. As a result, a car purchased in Canada was up to 50% more expensive than if it had been purchased in the United States, and Canadian consumers had access to a smaller selection of models.(2)<br /> <br /> In 1965, a trade dispute between the United States and Canada led to the ratification of the Auto Pact between the two countries. By substantially reducing customs duties, this agreement allowed the big automakers as well as their suppliers to integrate their facilities on both sides of the border. This cross-border integration and the reorganization of production that it entailed allowed for a more efficient allocation of resources stemming from a higher level of specialization and economies of scale.(3) The opening up of the border also encouraged the expansion of the automotive industry&rsquo;s supply chains, such that a wider variety of suppliers from both countries were able to be involved in the manufacture of a single vehicle.(4)<br /> <br /> The integration of the North American automotive market became even more pronounced with the entry into force of NAFTA in 1994, which superseded the Auto Pact. The latter was abolished in 2001 when certain of its provisions were declared illegal by the World Trade Organization.(5)<br /> <br /> <strong>Integration Is a Source of Prosperity</strong><br /> <br /> Since NAFTA came into effect, the total value of the Canadian auto industry&rsquo;s production and exports has increased substantially. Accounting for inflation, total production for assembly plants and parts suppliers grew from $51.2 billion in 1992 to $92.7 billion in 2015, an 81% increase.(6) At the same time, exports grew by 72% and now total no less than $77 billion.<br /> <br /> This increase is explained primarily by a greater trade volume between Canada and its NAFTA partners. The American market alone represents 96% of Canadian exports in this industry. The rest is divided more or less equally between Mexico and all other countries.(7)<br /> <br /> Consequently, the Canadian auto industry is highly dependent on its next-door neighbour when it comes to maintaining its production level and the 125,400 direct jobs connected to it.(8) The reverse is also true, since American automotive exports to Canada totalled over $62&nbsp;billion in 2015 (<a href="/files/image/figure1lepoint0117_en.jpg" target="_blank">see Figure 1</a>).<br /> <br /> Trade between the two neighbours is in fact highly concentrated between Ontario, where almost all of Canadian automotive manufacturing and jobs are located,(9) and the neighbouring state of Michigan.<br /> <br /> This strong growth in production shows the importance of the integration of Canadian and American plants located near the border. A part initially manufactured in Canada can cross the Canada-U.S. border several times before final assembly. The part becomes an element of a component, and ultimately of a vehicle. Each stage of the process is carried out by a multitude of highly specialized companies.<br /> <br /> <strong>Conclusion</strong><br /> <br /> The level of integration of assembly plants and suppliers located on either side of the border is such that the imposition of customs duties would break these connections and would be very costly for both countries.<br /> <br /> Large American manufacturers like Ford, Fiat Chrysler, and General Motors have many assembly plants in Canada. Their competitiveness depends heavily on the economies of scale made possible by the expansion of the supply chains that they have established with Canadian parts suppliers.<br /> <br /> The imposition of restrictions at the Canada-U.S. border might lead to some short-term gains for a limited number of American workers, but consumers will have to pay more to purchase the same vehicle. Over the longer term, the relative competitiveness of companies located in the United States could be reduced as compared to Japanese, South Korean, and European manufacturers. If this happens, the number of vehicles produced on American soil could fall, and jobs would be lost.<br /> <br /> For all these reasons, it is clearly not in the economic interest of the United States to jeopardize the integration of the American automotive industry with the Canadian industry, nor with the Mexican industry, for that matter. It remains to be seen if other, more political considerations will motivate the new Trump administration to nonetheless adopt protectionist measures.<br /> <br /> <strong>References</strong><br /> <br /> 1. &ldquo;Canada auto industry faces Trump uncertainty &ndash; analysts,&rdquo; ICIS News, January 4, 2017; Greg Keenan and Laura Stone, &ldquo;Trump scores victory as Ford shelves plans for Mexican plant,&rdquo; <em>The Globe and Mail</em>, January 3, 2017.<br /> 2. Michael Hart, &ldquo;The Auto Pact: Forerunner of Free Trade (book excerpt),&rdquo; <em>Policy Options</em>, December 1st, 2002.<br /> 3. Albert Park, Gaurav Nayyar, and Patrick Low, <em>Supply Chain Perspectives and Issues: A Literature Review</em>, World Trade Organization and Fung Global Institute, 2013, p. 34.<br /> 4. Michael Hart and Bill Dymond, &ldquo;Trade Theory, Trade Policy, and Cross-Border Integration,&rdquo; in Dan Ciuriak (ed.), <em>Trade Policy Research 2006</em>, Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada, 2006, pp. 106, 130, and 131.<br /> 5. World Trade Organization, Dispute Settlement: Dispute DS139, Canada &mdash; Certain Measures Affecting the Automotive Industry, February 24, 2010.<br /> 6. The data are expressed in constant 2015 dollars by using the specific industrial price index for each subcategory of the automotive industry. Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 329-0077: Industrial product price indexes, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), 1992-2015; Industry Canada, Search by industry (NAICS Codes) &ndash; Trade Data Online, Total Exports, 1992-2015.<br /> 7. <em>Ibid</em>.<br /> 8. Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 281-0023: Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH), employment by type of employee and detailed North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), 2015.<br /> 9. In 2015, Ontario accounted for 83.3% of the 125,400 jobs and 94.6% of manufacturing shipments. Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 304-0015: Manufacturing sales, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and province, 1992-2015; Statistics Canada, <em>op. cit.</em>, endnote 8. ​</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-snpicture"> <div class="field-label">SN Picture:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> /files/image/large-lepoint0117.jpg </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">SN:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Donald Trump’s recent statements regarding the investments of auto industry giants and vehicle imports from Mexico have created significant uncertainty in Canada. His threat to impose tariffs at the U.S.-Mexico border to protect the American auto industry raises the possibility that Canada might also be affected by such a measure. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/66323-viewpoint-is-president-trump-a-threat-to-canada-s-auto-industry" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Thu, 12 Jan 2017 10:00:00 +0000 iedm 66323 at http://www.iedm.org Donald Trump met-il en péril l’industrie automobile canadienne ? http://www.iedm.org/node/66322 <p><strong>Montr&eacute;al, le jeudi 12 janvier 2017 &ndash;&nbsp;</strong>Les r&eacute;centes d&eacute;clarations du pr&eacute;sident &eacute;lu Donald Trump, qui dit vouloir imposer des tarifs &agrave; la fronti&egrave;re am&eacute;ricano-mexicaine pour prot&eacute;ger l&rsquo;industrie automobile am&eacute;ricaine, font planer une menace sur l&rsquo;industrie canadienne et les milliers d&rsquo;emplois qui en d&eacute;pendent, montre un&nbsp;<em>Point&nbsp;</em>publi&eacute; aujourd&rsquo;hui par l&rsquo;IEDM.</p> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-snpicture"> <div class="field-label">SN Picture:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> /files/image/communique-de-presse-facebook.jpg </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">SN:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Les récentes déclarations du président élu Donald Trump, qui dit vouloir imposer des tarifs à la frontière américano-mexicaine pour protéger l’industrie automobile américaine, font planer une menace sur l’industrie canadienne et les milliers d’emplois qui en dépendent, montre un Point publié aujourd’hui par l’IEDM. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/node/66322" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Thu, 12 Jan 2017 10:00:00 +0000 iedm 66322 at http://www.iedm.org Is Donald Trump endangering the Canadian auto industry? http://www.iedm.org/66321-is-donald-trump-endangering-the-canadian-auto-industry <p><strong>Montreal, January 12, 2017 &ndash;</strong>&nbsp;President-elect Donald Trump&rsquo;s recent declarations about wanting to impose tariffs at the U.S.-Mexico border to protect the American auto industry pose a threat to the Canadian industry and the thousands of jobs that depend on it, shows a&nbsp;<em>Viewpoint&nbsp;</em>published today by the MEI.</p> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-snpicture"> <div class="field-label">SN Picture:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> /files/image/communique-de-presse-facebook.jpg </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">SN:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> President-elect Donald Trump’s recent declarations about wanting to impose tariffs at the U.S.-Mexico border to protect the American auto industry pose a threat to the Canadian industry and the thousands of jobs that depend on it, shows a Viewpoint published today by the MEI. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/66321-is-donald-trump-endangering-the-canadian-auto-industry" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Thu, 12 Jan 2017 10:00:00 +0000 iedm 66321 at http://www.iedm.org Petrowski c. McSween (les artistes et la notion de coûts d'opportunité) http://www.iedm.org/node/66314 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.quebec.huffingtonpost.ca/michel-kellygagnon, p. web </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>Les artistes et la r&eacute;alit&eacute; des co&ucirc;ts d&#39;opportunit&eacute;.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/node/66314" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Tue, 10 Jan 2017 15:25:47 +0000 iedm 66314 at http://www.iedm.org Petrowski c. McSween (les artistes et la notion de coûts d'opportunité) http://www.iedm.org/66313-petrowski-c-mcsween <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.quebec.huffingtonpost.ca/michel-kellygagnon, p. web </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>Artists and the reality of opportunity costs.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/66313-petrowski-c-mcsween" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Tue, 10 Jan 2017 15:24:34 +0000 iedm 66313 at http://www.iedm.org The CRTC doesn’t need to meddle in Canada’s broadband market http://www.iedm.org/node/66280 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> The Globe and Mail, p. B4 </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>L&#39;&eacute;tat du march&eacute; de l&#39;internet &agrave; large bande au Canada.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/node/66280" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Mon, 09 Jan 2017 13:32:43 +0000 iedm 66280 at http://www.iedm.org The CRTC doesn’t need to meddle in Canada’s broadband market http://www.iedm.org/66279-the-crtc-doesn-t-need-to-meddle-in-canada-s-broadband-market <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> The Globe and Mail, p. B4 </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>The state of Canada&rsquo;s broadband market.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/66279-the-crtc-doesn-t-need-to-meddle-in-canada-s-broadband-market" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Mon, 09 Jan 2017 13:30:02 +0000 iedm 66279 at http://www.iedm.org 150e anniversaire du Canada : des progrès freinés par un État omniprésent http://www.iedm.org/node/66235 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.journaldemontreal.com/blogues, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>Survol &eacute;conomique rapide des derniers 150 ans au Canada.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/node/66235" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Tue, 03 Jan 2017 20:59:10 +0000 iedm 66235 at http://www.iedm.org 150e anniversaire du Canada : des progrès freinés par un État omniprésent http://www.iedm.org/66234-150e-anniversaire-du-canada-des-progres-freines-par-un-etat-omnipresent <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.journaldemontreal.com/blogues, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>Quick economic overview of the last 150 years in Canada.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/66234-150e-anniversaire-du-canada-des-progres-freines-par-un-etat-omnipresent" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Tue, 03 Jan 2017 20:57:48 +0000 iedm 66234 at http://www.iedm.org À quoi servent les entreprises? http://www.iedm.org/node/66222 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.quebec.huffingtonpost.ca/jasmin-guenette, p. web </div> </div> </div> <fieldset class="fieldgroup group-themes"><div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-debt"> <div class="field-label">Debt Checkmark:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> 0 </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <p>Portrait de l&#39;&eacute;conomiste nob&eacute;lis&eacute; Ronald Coase.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/node/66222" target="_blank">read more</a></p> Thu, 29 Dec 2016 15:42:40 +0000 iedm 66222 at http://www.iedm.org