http://www.iedm.org/fr/rss fr Les trois amigos promettent beaucoup http://www.iedm.org/fr/62071-les-trois-amigos-promettent-beaucoup <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.journaldemontreal.com/blogues, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>La production d&rsquo;&eacute;nergie provenant de sources renouvelables.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/62071-les-trois-amigos-promettent-beaucoup" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Wed, 29 Jun 2016 13:47:18 +0000 iedm 62071 at http://www.iedm.org Les trois amigos promettent beaucoup http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/62070 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.journaldemontreal.com/blogues, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>The production of energy from renewable sources.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/62070" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Wed, 29 Jun 2016 13:45:58 +0000 iedm 62070 at http://www.iedm.org Des civils pour gérer la circulation autour des chantiers http://www.iedm.org/fr/62054-des-civils-pour-gerer-la-circulation-autour-des-chantiers <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.quebec.huffingtonpost.ca/pascale-dery, p. web </div> </div> </div> <p>Comment l&#39;impartition &agrave; des agents de s&eacute;curit&eacute; de t&acirc;ches auxiliaires ex&eacute;cut&eacute;es par des policiers permettrait de r&eacute;duire les co&ucirc;ts des services policiers.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/62054-des-civils-pour-gerer-la-circulation-autour-des-chantiers" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Tue, 28 Jun 2016 13:30:19 +0000 iedm 62054 at http://www.iedm.org Des civils pour gérer la circulation autour des chantiers http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/62053 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.quebec.huffingtonpost.ca/pascale-dery, p. web </div> </div> </div> <p>Subcontracting certain auxiliary tasks performed by police officers to security agents would allow a reduction in the cost of police services.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/62053" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Tue, 28 Jun 2016 13:29:31 +0000 iedm 62053 at http://www.iedm.org The Streets Of Montreal Are Clogged With Endless Roadwork http://www.iedm.org/fr/62062-the-streets-of-montreal-are-clogged-with-endless-roadwork <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.huffingtonpost.ca/jasmin-guenette, p. web </div> </div> </div> <p>L&#39;impact des travaux routiers dans les rues de Montr&eacute;al.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/62062-the-streets-of-montreal-are-clogged-with-endless-roadwork" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Tue, 28 Jun 2016 10:20:03 +0000 iedm 62062 at http://www.iedm.org The Streets Of Montreal Are Clogged With Endless Roadwork http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/62061 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.huffingtonpost.ca/jasmin-guenette, p. web </div> </div> </div> <p>The impact of road works in the streets of Montreal.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/62061" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Tue, 28 Jun 2016 10:20:03 +0000 iedm 62061 at http://www.iedm.org Le Festival du cône orange est officiellement commencé http://www.iedm.org/fr/62040-le-festival-du-cone-orange-est-officiellement-commence <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.journaldemontreal.com/blogues, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>L&#39;impact des travaux routiers dans les rues de Montr&eacute;al.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/62040-le-festival-du-cone-orange-est-officiellement-commence" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Mon, 27 Jun 2016 16:55:09 +0000 iedm 62040 at http://www.iedm.org Le Festival du cône orange est officiellement commencé http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/62039 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.journaldemontreal.com/blogues, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>The impact of road works in the streets of Montreal.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/62039" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Mon, 27 Jun 2016 16:51:29 +0000 iedm 62039 at http://www.iedm.org Riche et prospère: où est passé notre Québec d'autrefois? http://www.iedm.org/fr/62002-riche-et-prospere-ou-est-passe-notre-quebec-d-autrefois <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.quebec.huffingtonpost.ca/jasmin-guenette, p. web </div> </div> </div> <p>Le rattrapage &eacute;conomique et social du Qu&eacute;bec durant la &laquo; Grande Noirceur &raquo;.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/62002-riche-et-prospere-ou-est-passe-notre-quebec-d-autrefois" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Sun, 26 Jun 2016 21:34:28 +0000 iedm 62002 at http://www.iedm.org Riche et prospère: où est passé notre Québec d'autrefois? http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/62001 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.quebec.huffingtonpost.ca/jasmin-guenette, p. web </div> </div> </div> <p>The economic and social catch up in Quebec during the &quot;Great Darkness.&quot;</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/62001" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Sun, 26 Jun 2016 21:18:24 +0000 iedm 62001 at http://www.iedm.org Aéroports : les voyageurs paient encore la note http://www.iedm.org/fr/61899-aeroports-les-voyageurs-paient-encore-la-note <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> La Presse+, p. web </div> </div> </div> <p>Les frais et taxes impos&eacute;s aux a&eacute;roports canadiens et leur impact.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/61899-aeroports-les-voyageurs-paient-encore-la-note" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Thu, 23 Jun 2016 09:52:08 +0000 iedm 61899 at http://www.iedm.org Aéroports : les voyageurs paient encore la note http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61898 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> La Presse+, p. web </div> </div> </div> <p>The charges and taxes imposed on Canadian airports and their impact.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61898" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Thu, 23 Jun 2016 09:50:11 +0000 iedm 61898 at http://www.iedm.org Le Point – Les frais et taxes qui nuisent à la compétitivité des aéroports canadiens http://www.iedm.org/fr/61808-les-frais-et-taxes-qui-nuisent-a-la-competitivite-des-aeroports-canadiens <div class="field field-type-text field-field-subtitle"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Point montrant comment les frais et taxes imposés aux aéroports canadiens entraînent moins d’investissements et des prix plus élevés pour les consommateurs </div> </div> </div> <p>Des circonstances favorables comme la baisse du prix de l&rsquo;essence et la faiblesse du huard ont profit&eacute; ces deux derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es aux a&eacute;roports canadiens. Cette tendance pourrait cependant &ecirc;tre de courte dur&eacute;e alors que des pressions syst&eacute;miques nuisent &agrave; plus long terme &agrave; la comp&eacute;titivit&eacute; du secteur a&eacute;rien canadien. En 2015, le Canada se situait au 130e rang sur 138 pays au chapitre des taxes sur les billets et tarifs impos&eacute;s aux a&eacute;roports.</p><div class="field field-type-text field-field-full"> <div class="field-label">Contenu complet:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><strong>Ce <em>Point </em>a &eacute;t&eacute; pr&eacute;par&eacute; par Alexandre Moreau, analyste en politiques publiques &agrave; l&rsquo;IEDM. <em>La Collection Fiscalit&eacute; de l&rsquo;IEDM vise &agrave; mettre en lumi&egrave;re les politiques fiscales des gouvernements et &agrave; analyser leurs effets sur la croissance &eacute;conomique et le niveau de vie des citoyens.</em></strong><br /> <br /> Des circonstances favorables comme la baisse du prix de l&rsquo;essence et la faiblesse du huard ont profit&eacute; ces deux derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es aux a&eacute;roports canadiens(1). Cette tendance pourrait cependant &ecirc;tre de courte dur&eacute;e alors que des pressions syst&eacute;miques nuisent &agrave; plus long terme &agrave; la comp&eacute;titivit&eacute; du secteur a&eacute;rien canadien. En 2015, le Canada se situait au 130e rang sur 138 pays au chapitre des taxes sur les billets et tarifs impos&eacute;s aux a&eacute;roports(2). Ultimement, ces taxes et tarifs repr&eacute;sentent des co&ucirc;ts suppl&eacute;mentaires qui sont refil&eacute;s aux consommateurs comme aux transporteurs a&eacute;riens.<br /> <br /> <strong>Des loyers co&ucirc;teux</strong><br /> <br /> Depuis 1992, le gouvernement f&eacute;d&eacute;ral ne s&rsquo;occupe plus de la gestion des a&eacute;roports, qu&rsquo;il loue maintenant &agrave; long terme &agrave; des soci&eacute;t&eacute;s priv&eacute;es sans but lucratif(3). Les administrations responsables d&rsquo;exploiter les plus importants a&eacute;roports du R&eacute;seau national d&rsquo;a&eacute;roports (RNA) ne b&eacute;n&eacute;ficient plus d&rsquo;aucune subvention de la part du gouvernement(4). Cependant, &eacute;tant toujours propri&eacute;taire de la quasi-totalit&eacute; des 26 a&eacute;roports constituant le RNA(5), le gouvernement f&eacute;d&eacute;ral exige aux administrations un loyer pouvant repr&eacute;senter jusqu&rsquo;&agrave; 12&nbsp;% de leurs revenus. Pour l&rsquo;exercice financier de 2014-2015, Transport Canada a ainsi per&ccedil;u 313 millions de dollars aupr&egrave;s des a&eacute;roports du RNA(6). &Agrave; elle seule, l&rsquo;administration des A&eacute;roports de Montr&eacute;al (ADM) aura contribu&eacute; &agrave; hauteur de 47,7 millions de dollars (<a href="/files/image/figure1lepoint0916_fr.jpg" target="_blank">voir Figure 1</a>).<br /> <br /> Puisqu&rsquo;ils n&rsquo;ont pas acc&egrave;s au capital-actions pour financer leurs immobilisations, les a&eacute;roports doivent exiger des frais plus &eacute;lev&eacute;s aux transporteurs et aux consommateurs(7). Les frais a&eacute;roportuaires repr&eacute;sentent &agrave; eux seuls 25&nbsp;% de l&rsquo;&eacute;cart de prix entre les tarifs a&eacute;riens au Canada et aux &Eacute;tats-Unis, selon le Conference Board du Canada(8). Les prix plus &eacute;lev&eacute;s au Canada ont pour effet de diminuer la demande pour les vols en sol canadien, puisque certains voyageurs traversent la fronti&egrave;re pour &eacute;conomiser alors que d&rsquo;autres choisissent tout simplement de ne pas voyager.<br /> <br /> Remplacer le syst&egrave;me actuel de loyer excessif bas&eacute; sur un pourcentage des revenus bruts par un imp&ocirc;t sur le profit des entreprises inciterait les a&eacute;roports &agrave; investir davantage et &agrave; diminuer les frais exig&eacute;s aux transporteurs et aux consommateurs.<br /> <br /> Pour illustrer la diff&eacute;rence, imaginons une d&eacute;cision d&rsquo;investissement impliquant un revenu suppl&eacute;mentaire anticip&eacute; de 1 million&nbsp;$ par ann&eacute;e et un co&ucirc;t annuel de 900&nbsp;000&nbsp;$. &Agrave; un taux de 12&nbsp;% appliqu&eacute; aux revenus bruts, l&rsquo;a&eacute;roport se trouverait &agrave; verser un loyer suppl&eacute;mentaire de 120&nbsp;000&nbsp;$, soit une perte nette de 20&nbsp;000&nbsp;$. Mais s&rsquo;il &eacute;tait privatis&eacute;, l&rsquo;a&eacute;roport payerait un taux combin&eacute; f&eacute;d&eacute;ral et provincial approximatif de 35&nbsp;% uniquement sur le profit de 100&nbsp;000&nbsp;$, ce qui laisserait un surplus net de 65&nbsp;000&nbsp;$(9).<br /> <br /> La perception d&rsquo;un loyer excessif n&rsquo;est pas compatible avec l&rsquo;objectif d&rsquo;accro&icirc;tre le trafic a&eacute;rien. Un rapport s&eacute;natorial a d&rsquo;ailleurs recommand&eacute; d&rsquo;abolir graduellement les frais de loyer des a&eacute;roports du RNA et de c&eacute;der compl&egrave;tement la propri&eacute;t&eacute; de ces derniers aux administrations a&eacute;roportuaires qui les exploitent(10). Cette recommandation n&rsquo;a cependant pas eu d&rsquo;&eacute;chos aupr&egrave;s de la classe politique et le gouvernement f&eacute;d&eacute;ral utilise toujours ces loyers pour augmenter ses revenus. Pourtant, la baisse des recettes fiscales &agrave; court terme serait contrebalanc&eacute;e par des gains &eacute;conomiques &agrave; long terme rendus possibles par une comp&eacute;titivit&eacute; accrue des a&eacute;roports canadiens.<br /> <br /> <strong>Les a&eacute;roports de Montr&eacute;al d&eacute;savantag&eacute;s</strong><br /> <br /> Les a&eacute;roports du RNA sont la propri&eacute;t&eacute; de la Couronne et de ce fait, ils n&rsquo;ont pas &agrave; payer directement d&rsquo;imp&ocirc;t foncier. Le fisc municipal doit donc s&rsquo;inscrire au Paiement en remplacement d&rsquo;imp&ocirc;ts (PERI) afin de percevoir un taux qui s&rsquo;appliquerait aux propri&eacute;t&eacute;s f&eacute;d&eacute;rales si elles &eacute;taient imposables et si elles recevaient le m&ecirc;me niveau de service offert aux autres propri&eacute;taires immobiliers(11). En vertu du PERI, ADM a d&ucirc; payer &agrave; la Ville de Montr&eacute;al l&rsquo;&eacute;quivalent de 40,8 millions de dollars en imp&ocirc;t foncier pour l&rsquo;ann&eacute;e 2014(12).<br /> <br /> Bien qu&rsquo;il soit tout &agrave; fait normal que les a&eacute;roports contribuent &agrave; l&rsquo;assiette fiscale des municipalit&eacute;s o&ugrave; ils sont situ&eacute;s, l&rsquo;imp&ocirc;t foncier &agrave; Montr&eacute;al est l&rsquo;un des plus &eacute;lev&eacute;s au Canada(13). Ce traitement fiscal d&eacute;savantageux, qui s&rsquo;ajoute au loyer exig&eacute; par le gouvernement f&eacute;d&eacute;ral, rend plus co&ucirc;teux les investissements en infrastructure et le d&eacute;veloppement de nouvelles routes a&eacute;riennes, et applique une pression &agrave; la hausse sur les prix des billets d&rsquo;avion. &Agrave; ces frais et taxes, on doit aussi ajouter la TPS, la TVQ et les droits pour la s&eacute;curit&eacute; ainsi que le suppl&eacute;ment sur le carburant.<br /> <br /> Si l&rsquo;objectif du maire de Montr&eacute;al Denis Coderre est r&eacute;ellement de &laquo;&nbsp;bonifier le positionnement de Montr&eacute;al afin de demeurer concurrentiel et d&rsquo;attirer de nouvelles liaisons a&eacute;riennes directes&nbsp;&raquo;(14), son administration devrait faire des efforts additionnels pour r&eacute;duire le fardeau fiscal d&rsquo;ADM. Quant au gouvernement f&eacute;d&eacute;ral, il devrait abolir le syst&egrave;me des loyers et privatiser enti&egrave;rement les a&eacute;roports dans l&rsquo;int&eacute;r&ecirc;t des consommateurs et de toute l&rsquo;industrie a&eacute;rienne canadienne.<br /> <br /> <strong>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences</strong><br /> <br /> 1. Il n&rsquo;y a toutefois pas que des avantages &agrave; cette situation. Bien que la faiblesse du dollar canadien relativement au dollar US restreigne l&rsquo;exode des passagers vers les &Eacute;tats-Unis et attire m&ecirc;me des passagers am&eacute;ricains au Canada, elle a aussi pour effet d&rsquo;augmenter les co&ucirc;ts d&rsquo;op&eacute;ration des compagnies a&eacute;riennes canadiennes pour les vols vers des destinations &eacute;trang&egrave;res. <em>The Canadian Press</em>, &laquo;&nbsp;Transat expects impact this summer from heightened European capacity&nbsp;&raquo;, <em>CBC News</em>, 9 juin 2016.<br /> 2. Forum &eacute;conomique mondial, <em>The Travel &amp; Tourism Competitiveness Report 2015: Growth through Shocks</em>, mai 2015, p. 434.<br /> 3. Allison Padova, &laquo;&nbsp;R&eacute;forme de la gouvernance des a&eacute;roports au Canada et &agrave; l&rsquo;&eacute;tranger&nbsp;&raquo;, Biblioth&egrave;que du Parlement, 5 septembre 2007, p. 2-3.<br /> 4. Transport Canada, <em>Les transports au Canada 2014&mdash;Addenda statistique</em>, 2014, p. 62.<br /> 5. Le RNA comprend les a&eacute;roports d&rsquo;Ottawa et de toutes les capitales provinciales et territoriales, ainsi que les a&eacute;roports dont le trafic annuel est de 200 000 passagers ou plus. Voir Transport Canada, Politique nationale des a&eacute;roports, 3 f&eacute;vrier 2010.<br /> 6. Travaux publics et Services gouvernementaux Canada, <em>Compte public du Canada 2015&mdash;Volume II : D&eacute;tails des charges et des revenus</em>, Transports 28.19, 2015.<br /> 7. Ils peuvent aussi &ecirc;tre forc&eacute;s de s&rsquo;endetter &agrave; des niveaux impliquant un service de la dette disproportionn&eacute; par rapport aux recettes. Jacques Roy et Michel Nadeau, <em>La gouvernance des a&eacute;roports au Canada : Enjeux et recommandations</em>, Institut sur la gouvernance des organismes priv&eacute;s et publiques, 2014, p. 46-48.<br /> 8. Vijay Gill, <em>Driven Away: Why More Canadians Are Choosing Cross Border Airports</em>, rapport, Conference Board du Canada, octobre 2012, p. ii.<br /> 9. <em>Ibid</em>., p. 28.<br /> 10. Dennis Dawson et Stephen Greene, &laquo;&nbsp;L&rsquo;avenir des d&eacute;placements a&eacute;riens au Canada : Poste de p&eacute;age ou bougie d&rsquo;allumage?&nbsp;&raquo;, rapport pr&eacute;par&eacute; pour le Comit&eacute; s&eacute;natorial permanent des transports et des communications, juin 2012, p. 7.<br /> 11. Travaux publics et Service gouvernementaux Canada, Programme des paiements en remplacement d&rsquo;imp&ocirc;ts, 3 juillet 2015.<br /> 12. ADM doit &eacute;galement d&eacute;bourser 4 millions de dollars par ann&eacute;e pour les services du Service de police de la Ville de Montr&eacute;al dans l&rsquo;a&eacute;rogare. Ville de Montr&eacute;al, <em>Favoriser l&rsquo;accroissement des vols directs internationaux, une fa&ccedil;on de contribuer &agrave; l&rsquo;essor &eacute;conomique de Montr&eacute;al&mdash;Rapport et recommandations</em>, Commission permanente sur le d&eacute;veloppement &eacute;conomique et urbain et l&rsquo;habitation, 23 mars 2015, p. 14; A&eacute;roports de Montr&eacute;al, &laquo;&nbsp;A&eacute;roports de Montr&eacute;al publie ses r&eacute;sultats pour l&rsquo;exercice 2015&nbsp;&raquo;, Communiqu&eacute; de presse, 10 mars 2016.<br /> 13. Mathieu B&eacute;dard, &laquo;&nbsp;Investir &agrave; Montr&eacute;al : un fardeau fiscal parmi les plus &eacute;lev&eacute;s au Canada&nbsp;&raquo;, Point, IEDM, 24 novembre 2015.<br /> 14. Ville de Montr&eacute;al, &laquo;&nbsp;Montr&eacute;al met en place des mesures favorisant l&rsquo;accroissement de vols directs internationaux&nbsp;&raquo;, Communiqu&eacute; de presse, 18 septembre 2015.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-snpicture"> <div class="field-label">RS Image:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> /files/image/large-lepoint0916.jpg </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">RS:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Des circonstances favorables comme la baisse du prix de l’essence et la faiblesse du huard ont profité ces deux dernières années aux aéroports canadiens. Cette tendance pourrait cependant être de courte durée alors que des pressions systémiques nuisent à plus long terme à la compétitivité du secteur aérien canadien. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/61808-les-frais-et-taxes-qui-nuisent-a-la-competitivite-des-aeroports-canadiens" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Thu, 23 Jun 2016 09:00:00 +0000 iedm 61808 at http://www.iedm.org Viewpoint – The Charges and Taxes That Undermine the Competitiveness of Canadian Airports http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61807 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-subtitle"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Viewpoint showing how the charges and taxes imposed on Canadian airports lead to less investment and higher prices for consumers </div> </div> </div> <p>Favourable conditions like lower fuel prices and the weakness of the loonie have benefited Canadian airports over the past two years. This trend could be short-lived, however, whereas systemic pressures are undermining the competitiveness of the Canadian airline sector in the longer term. In 2015, Canada was ranked 130th out of 138 countries in terms of ticket taxes and charges imposed on airports. Ultimately, these taxes and charges represent extra costs that are passed on to consumers and to air carriers.<br /> </p><div class="field field-type-text field-field-full"> <div class="field-label">Contenu complet:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><strong>This <em>Viewpoint </em>was prepared by Alexandre Moreau, Public Policy Analyst at the MEI. <em>The MEI&rsquo;s Taxation Series aims to shine a light on the fiscal policies of governments and to study their effect on economic growth and the standard of living of citizens.</em></strong><br /> <br /> Favourable conditions like lower fuel prices and the weakness of the loonie have benefited Canadian airports over the past two years.(1) This trend could be short-lived, however, whereas systemic pressures are undermining the competitiveness of the Canadian airline sector in the longer term. In 2015, Canada was ranked 130th out of 138 countries in terms of ticket taxes and charges imposed on airports.(2) Ultimately, these taxes and charges represent extra costs that are passed on to consumers and to air carriers.<br /> <br /> <strong>Sky-High Rents</strong><br /> <br /> Since 1992, the federal government has not been in charge of managing airports, which it now leases long-term to private, non-profit companies.(3) The authorities responsible for operating the largest airports of the National Airport System (NAS) receive no subsidies from the government.(4) However, as it still owns almost all of the 26 airports that make up the NAS,(5) the federal government requires authorities to pay rent that can represent up to 12% of their revenues. For the 2014-2015 fiscal year, Transport Canada thus collected $313 million from NAS airports.(6) All by itself, the Montreal Airport Authority (ADM) will have contributed $47.7 million (<a href="/files/image/figure1lepoint0916_en.jpg" target="_blank">see Figure 1</a>).<br /> <br /> Since they do not have access to equity with which to finance their capital expenditures, airports must charge higher rates to carriers and consumers.(7) Airport charges alone account for 25% of the price difference between airfares in Canada and the United States, according to the Conference Board of Canada.(8) Higher prices in Canada have the effect of reducing demand for flights on Canadian soil, since certain travellers cross the border to save money, while others simply choose not to travel.<br /> <br /> Replacing the current system of excessive rents based on a percentage of gross revenues with a tax on companies&rsquo; profits would encourage airports to invest more and to reduce the fees charged to carriers and consumers.<br /> <br /> To illustrate the difference, imagine an investment decision involving an expected additional revenue of $1 million a year and an annual cost of $900,000. With a rate of 12% applied to gross revenues, the airport would find itself paying $120,000 of extra rent, representing a net loss of $20,000. But if it were privatized, the airport would pay a combined federal and provincial rate of approximately 35% on the $100,000 profit only, which would leave a net surplus of $65,000.(9)<br /> <br /> The collection of excessively high rent is incompatible with the goal of increasing air traffic. Indeed, a Senate report recommended the gradual abolition of NAS airport rents and the complete transfer of airport ownership to the airport authorities that run them.(10) This recommendation did not echo widely among the political class, however, and the federal government still uses these rents to augment its revenues. Yet the short-term decrease in government revenues would be counterbalanced by the long-term economic gains made possible by the increased competitiveness of Canadian airports.<br /> <br /> <strong>Montreal Airports at a Disadvantage</strong><br /> <br /> NAS airports are the property of the Crown, and as such, they do not have to pay property taxes directly. The municipal tax office must therefore register for the Payments in Lieu of Taxes (PILT) program in order to collect a rate that would apply to federal property if it were taxable and if it received the same level of services offered to other real estate owners.(11) As a result of the PILT program, the Montreal Airport Authority had to pay the City of Montreal the equivalent of $40.8 million in property taxes in 2014.(12)<br /> <br /> While it is perfectly normal for airports to contribute to the tax bases of the municipalities where they are located, property taxes in Montreal are among the highest in Canada.(13) This unfavourable tax treatment, which is in addition to the rent that must be paid to the federal government, makes infrastructure investments and the development of new air routes more expensive, and applies upward pressure on the prices of plane tickets. To these charges and taxes must also be added the GST, the QST, and security charges, as well as a fuel surcharge.<br /> <br /> If the goal of Montreal Mayor Denis Coderre is really to &ldquo;improve the positioning of Montreal in order to remain competitive and attract new direct air links,&rdquo;(14) his administration should make an extra effort to reduce the Montreal Airport Authority&rsquo;s tax burden. As for the federal government, it should abolish the rental system or completely privatize the airports in the interests of consumers and of the Canadian airline industry as a whole.<br /> <br /> <strong>References</strong><br /> <br /> 1. This situation is not wholly beneficial, however. While the weakness of the Canadian dollar relative to the US dollar limits the exodus of passengers to the United States, and even attracts some American passengers to Canada, it also has the effect of increasing the operating costs of Canadian airlines for flights toward foreign destinations. <em>The Canadian Press</em>, &ldquo;Transat expects impact this summer from heightened European capacity,&rdquo; <em>CBC News</em>, June 9, 2016.<br /> 2. World Economic Forum, <em>The Travel &amp; Tourism Competitiveness Report 2015: Growth through Shocks</em>, May 2015, p. 434.<br /> 3. Allison Padova, &ldquo;Airport Governance Reform in Canada and Abroad,&rdquo; Library of Parliament, September 5, 2007, pp. 2-3.<br /> 4. Transport Canada, <em>Transportation in Canada 2014&mdash;Statistical Addendum</em>, 2014, p. 62.<br /> 5. The NAS includes airports in Ottawa and in all national, provincial and territorial capitals, as well as airports with annual traffic of 200,000 passengers or more. See Transport Canada, National Airports Policy, February 3, 2010.<br /> 6. Public Works and Government Services Canada, <em>Public Accounts of Canada 2015&mdash;Volume II: Details of Expenses and Revenues</em>, Transport 26.19, 2015.<br /> 7. They can also be forced to take on levels of debt entailing debt servicing that is disproportionate compared to revenues. Jacques Roy and Michel Nadeau, <em>The Governance of Canadian Airports: Issues and Recommendations</em>, Institute for Governance of Private and Public Organizations, 2014, pp. 45-47.<br /> 8. Vijay Gill, <em>Driven Away: Why More Canadians Are Choosing Cross Border Airports</em>, Report, Conference Board of Canada, October 2012, p. ii.<br /> 9. <em>Ibid</em>., p. 28.<br /> 10. Dennis Dawson and Stephen Greene, &ldquo;The Future of Canadian Air Travel: Toll Booth or Spark Plug?&rdquo; Report prepared for the Standing Senate Committee on Transport and Communications, June 2012, p. 7.<br /> 11. Public Works and Government Services Canada, The PILT Program, July 3, 2015.<br /> 12. The Montreal Airport Authority must also pay $4 million a year for the services of the City of Montreal&rsquo;s Police Department in the airport. City of Montreal, <em>Favoriser l&rsquo;accroissement des vols directs internationaux, une fa&ccedil;on de contribuer &agrave; l&rsquo;essor &eacute;conomique de Montr&eacute;al&mdash;Rapport et recommandations</em>, Commission permanente sur le d&eacute;veloppement &eacute;conomique et urbain et l&rsquo;habitation, March 23, 2015, p. 14; A&eacute;roports de Montr&eacute;al, &ldquo;A&eacute;roports de Montr&eacute;al announces its results for fiscal 2015,&rdquo; Press release, March 10, 2016.<br /> 13. Mathieu B&eacute;dard, &ldquo;Investing in Montreal: A Tax Burden That Ranks among Canada&rsquo;s Highest,&rdquo; Viewpoint, MEI, November 24, 2015.<br /> 14. City of Montreal, &ldquo;Montr&eacute;al met en place des mesures favorisant l&rsquo;accroissement de vols directs internationaux,&rdquo; Press release, September 18, 2015.​</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-snpicture"> <div class="field-label">RS Image:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> /files/image/large-lepoint0916.jpg </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">RS:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Favourable conditions like lower fuel prices and the weakness of the loonie have benefited Canadian airports over the past two years. This trend could be short-lived, however, whereas systemic pressures are undermining the competitiveness of the Canadian airline sector in the longer term. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61807" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Thu, 23 Jun 2016 09:00:00 +0000 iedm 61807 at http://www.iedm.org Taxer les aéroports canadiens, c’est aussi taxer les voyageurs! http://www.iedm.org/fr/61806-taxer-les-aeroports-canadiens-c-est-aussi-taxer-les-voyageurs <p><strong>Montr&eacute;al, le 23 juin 2016 &ndash; </strong>Les a&eacute;roports canadiens ont r&eacute;cemment profit&eacute; d&#39;un r&eacute;pit temporaire gr&acirc;ce &agrave; la baisse du prix de l&rsquo;essence et la faiblesse du huard, mais les taxes et tarifs que les gouvernements leur imposent demeurent trop &eacute;lev&eacute;s et nuisent &agrave; la comp&eacute;titivit&eacute; du secteur a&eacute;rien canadien, montre un <em>Point </em>publi&eacute; aujourd&#39;hui par l&#39;IEDM.<br /> </p><div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">RS:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Les aéroports canadiens ont récemment profité d&#039;un répit temporaire grâce à la baisse du prix de l’essence et la faiblesse du huard, mais les taxes et tarifs que les gouvernements leur imposent demeurent trop élevés et nuisent à la compétitivité du secteur aérien canadien, montre un Point publié aujourd&#039;hui par l&#039;IEDM. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/61806-taxer-les-aeroports-canadiens-c-est-aussi-taxer-les-voyageurs" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Thu, 23 Jun 2016 09:00:00 +0000 iedm 61806 at http://www.iedm.org Taxing Canadian airports means taxing travellers, too http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61805 <p><strong>Montreal, June 23, 2016 &ndash;</strong>&nbsp;Canadian airports have recently enjoyed a temporary break thanks to lower fuel prices and the weakness of the loonie, but the taxes and charges imposed on them by government remain too high and undermine the competitiveness of the Canadian airline sector, shows a&nbsp;<em>Viewpoint&nbsp;</em>published today by the MEI.&nbsp;It is worth noting that in 2015, Canada was ranked 130th out of 138 countries in terms of ticket taxes and charges imposed on airports.</p> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">RS:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Canadian airports have recently enjoyed a temporary break thanks to lower fuel prices and the weakness of the loonie, but the taxes and charges imposed on them by government remain too high and undermine the competitiveness of the Canadian airline sector, shows a Viewpoint published today by the MEI. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61805" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Thu, 23 Jun 2016 09:00:00 +0000 iedm 61805 at http://www.iedm.org Voitures électriques : l'innovation avant les subventions http://www.iedm.org/fr/61798-voitures-electriques-l-innovation-avant-les-subventions <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.journaldemontreal.com/blogues, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>L&#39;impact des subventions &agrave; l&#39;achat de voitures &eacute;lectriques.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/61798-voitures-electriques-l-innovation-avant-les-subventions" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Tue, 21 Jun 2016 15:11:58 +0000 iedm 61798 at http://www.iedm.org Voitures électriques : l'innovation avant les subventions http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61797 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.journaldemontreal.com/blogues, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>The impact of subsidies for the purchase of electric cars.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61797" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Tue, 21 Jun 2016 15:10:27 +0000 iedm 61797 at http://www.iedm.org Bonification du Régime de pensions du Canada : un cadeau empoisonné pour les contribuables? http://www.iedm.org/fr/61760-bonification-du-regime-de-pensions-du-canada-un-cadeau-empoisonne-pour-les-contribuables <p><strong>Montr&eacute;al, le 21 juin 2016 &ndash; </strong>Alors que la plupart des ministres des Finances des provinces ont accept&eacute; d&#39;aller de l&#39;avant avec une bonification graduelle du R&eacute;gime de pensions du Canada (RPC), &agrave; l&rsquo;exception du Qu&eacute;bec et du Manitoba, l&#39;IEDM estime qu&#39;il est important de rappeler que de tels changements auront un co&ucirc;t important pour les travailleurs.<br /> </p><div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">RS:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Alors que la plupart des ministres des Finances des provinces ont accepté d&#039;aller de l&#039;avant avec une bonification graduelle du Régime de pensions du Canada (RPC), à l’exception du Québec et du Manitoba, l&#039;IEDM estime qu&#039;il est important de rappeler que de tels changements auront un coût important pour les travailleurs. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/61760-bonification-du-regime-de-pensions-du-canada-un-cadeau-empoisonne-pour-les-contribuables" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Tue, 21 Jun 2016 10:39:42 +0000 iedm 61760 at http://www.iedm.org Expanding the Canada Pension Plan: A poisoned gift for taxpayers? http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61759 <p><strong>Montreal, June 21, 2016 &ndash;&nbsp;</strong>While most of the provincial finance ministers have agreed to move forward with a gradual expansion of the Canada Pension Plan (CPP), with the exception of Quebec and Manitoba, the MEI points out that such changes will have significant costs for workers.&nbsp;Indeed, revamping the CPP will lead to an increase in premiums deducted at source, both for workers and for employers, which will reduce Canadians&rsquo; disposable income.</p> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-sn"> <div class="field-label">RS:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> While most of the provincial finance ministers have agreed to move forward with a gradual expansion of the Canada Pension Plan (CPP), with the exception of Quebec and Manitoba, the MEI points out that such changes will have significant costs for workers. Indeed, revamping the CPP will lead to an increase in premiums deducted at source, both for workers and for employers, which will reduce Canadians&#039; disposable income. </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61759" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Tue, 21 Jun 2016 10:37:15 +0000 iedm 61759 at http://www.iedm.org Pharma innovation worth the cost http://www.iedm.org/fr/61796-pharma-innovation-worth-the-cost <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.torontosun.com, p. web </div> </div> </div> <p>Le d&eacute;veloppement de nouveaux m&eacute;dicaments et son impact.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/61796-pharma-innovation-worth-the-cost" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Mon, 20 Jun 2016 13:11:11 +0000 iedm 61796 at http://www.iedm.org Pharma innovation worth the cost http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61795 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.torontosun.com, p. web </div> </div> </div> <p>The development of new drugs and its impact.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61795" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Mon, 20 Jun 2016 13:11:08 +0000 iedm 61795 at http://www.iedm.org Walmart Dropping Visa Proves Credit-Card Market Competition Is Vigorous http://www.iedm.org/fr/61739-walmart-dropping-visa-proves-credit-card-market-competition-is-vigorous <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.huffingtonpost.ca/mathieu-bedard </div> </div> </div> <p>L&#39;&eacute;tat de la concurrence sur les march&eacute;s de cartes de cr&eacute;dit.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/61739-walmart-dropping-visa-proves-credit-card-market-competition-is-vigorous" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Fri, 17 Jun 2016 17:57:00 +0000 iedm 61739 at http://www.iedm.org Walmart Dropping Visa Proves Credit-Card Market Competition Is Vigorous http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61738 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.huffingtonpost.ca/mathieu-bedard </div> </div> </div> <p>The state of competition in credit-card markets.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/61738" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Fri, 17 Jun 2016 17:56:55 +0000 iedm 61738 at http://www.iedm.org Pour en finir avec les barrières commerciales entre provinces http://www.iedm.org/fr/61735-pour-en-finir-avec-les-barrieres-commerciales-entre-provinces <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.quebec.huffingtonpost.ca/mathieu-bedard, p. web </div> </div> </div> <p>L&#39;importance de lib&eacute;raliser le commerce interprovincial.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/61735-pour-en-finir-avec-les-barrieres-commerciales-entre-provinces" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Thu, 16 Jun 2016 13:25:20 +0000 iedm 61735 at http://www.iedm.org