http://www.iedm.org/fr/rss fr Des idées pour Radio-Canada http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48544 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.blogues.journaldemontreal.com/iedm, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>La mission du radiodiffuseur public national du Canada.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48544" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Fri, 18 Apr 2014 12:08:48 +0000 iedm 48544 at http://www.iedm.org Des idées pour Radio-Canada http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48542 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.blogues.journaldemontreal.com/iedm, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>The mission of Canada&#39;s national public broadcaster.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48542" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Fri, 18 Apr 2014 12:08:48 +0000 iedm 48542 at http://www.iedm.org L’État, plus que l’entreprise, menace la vie privée http://www.iedm.org/fr/48528-l-tat-plus-que-l-entreprise-menace-la-vie-priv-e <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.blogues.journaldemontreal.com/iedm, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>L&#39;espionnage gouvernemental.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/48528-l-tat-plus-que-l-entreprise-menace-la-vie-priv-e" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Mon, 14 Apr 2014 20:52:57 +0000 iedm 48528 at http://www.iedm.org L’État, plus que l’entreprise, menace la vie privée http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48527 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.blogues.journaldemontreal.com/iedm, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p><span class="hps">G</span><span class="hps">overnment</span> <span class="hps">espionage.</span></p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48527" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Mon, 14 Apr 2014 20:51:55 +0000 iedm 48527 at http://www.iedm.org Anglophone philanthropy is an example for Quebec http://www.iedm.org/fr/48524-anglophone-philanthropy-is-an-example-for-quebec <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> The Gazette, p. A19 </div> </div> </div> <p>Les francophones doivent soutenir davantage les institutions qui les tiennent &agrave; coeur.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/48524-anglophone-philanthropy-is-an-example-for-quebec" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Mon, 14 Apr 2014 20:29:37 +0000 iedm 48524 at http://www.iedm.org Anglophone philanthropy is an example for Quebec http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48523 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> The Gazette, p. A19 </div> </div> </div> <p>Successful francophones must support the institutions they say they care about.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48523" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Mon, 14 Apr 2014 20:22:45 +0000 iedm 48523 at http://www.iedm.org Le décès de Jim Flaherty http://www.iedm.org/fr/48521-le-d-c-s-de-jim-flaherty <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.blogues.journaldemontreal.com/iedm, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>D&eacute;c&egrave;s de l&#39;ex-ministre des Finances du Canada.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/48521-le-d-c-s-de-jim-flaherty" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Thu, 10 Apr 2014 13:32:06 +0000 iedm 48521 at http://www.iedm.org Le décès de Jim Flaherty http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48520 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.blogues.journaldemontreal.com/iedm, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>Death of former finance minister.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48520" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Thu, 10 Apr 2014 13:32:06 +0000 iedm 48520 at http://www.iedm.org Les entreprises payent PLUS d’impôts, pas moins http://www.iedm.org/fr/48493-les-entreprises-payent-plus-d-imp-ts-pas-moins <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.blogues.journaldemontreal.com/iedm, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>Le taux de taxation des entreprises.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/48493-les-entreprises-payent-plus-d-imp-ts-pas-moins" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Wed, 09 Apr 2014 15:14:21 +0000 iedm 48493 at http://www.iedm.org Les entreprises payent PLUS d’impôts, pas moins http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48492 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.blogues.journaldemontreal.com/iedm, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>The tax burdens on entrepreneurs.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48492" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Wed, 09 Apr 2014 15:11:38 +0000 iedm 48492 at http://www.iedm.org SOLD OUT! - The MEI’s Policy Briefings Series: Réinventer le modèle québécois http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48483 <div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-event"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Événements </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datestamp field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">mai 21, 2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-loc"> <div class="field-label">Lieu:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Montréal </div> </div> </div> <p>Come and meet Nathalie Elgrably-L&eacute;vy and Marcel Boyer, co-authors of&nbsp;<em>R&eacute;inventer le Qu&eacute;bec : douze chantiers &agrave; entreprendre</em>, at a luncheon conference.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48483" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Tue, 08 Apr 2014 15:10:18 +0000 iedm 48483 at http://www.iedm.org COMPLET! - La série « Policy Briefings » de l’IEDM : Réinventer le modèle québécois http://www.iedm.org/fr/48482-la-serie-policy-briefings-de-l-iedm <div class="field field-type-number-integer field-field-event"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Événements </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-datestamp field-field-date"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <span class="date-display-single">mai 21, 2014</span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-loc"> <div class="field-label">Lieu:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Montréal </div> </div> </div> <p>Venez &eacute;changer avec Nathalie Elgrably-L&eacute;vy et Marcel&nbsp;Boyer, coauteurs du livre <em>R&eacute;inventer le Qu&eacute;bec : douze chantiers &agrave; entreprendre</em>, dans le cadre d&#39;un lunch-conf&eacute;rence.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/48482-la-serie-policy-briefings-de-l-iedm" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Tue, 08 Apr 2014 15:06:23 +0000 iedm 48482 at http://www.iedm.org Canada's high flight taxes hurt our economy http://www.iedm.org/fr/48442-canada-s-high-flight-taxes-hurt-our-economy <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> The Toronto Sun, p. 19 </div> </div> </div> <p>L&#39;impact des imp&ocirc;ts, frais et droits sur les prix des billets d&#39;avion et la comp&eacute;titivit&eacute; des a&eacute;roports canadiens.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/48442-canada-s-high-flight-taxes-hurt-our-economy" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Mon, 31 Mar 2014 11:20:19 +0000 iedm 48442 at http://www.iedm.org Canada's high flight taxes hurt our economy http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48441 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> The Toronto Sun, p. 19 </div> </div> </div> <p>Why taxes, fees and charges increase the prices of airfares and make Canadian airports less competitive.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48441" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Mon, 31 Mar 2014 11:20:19 +0000 iedm 48441 at http://www.iedm.org Les taxes et frais aériens doivent revenir sur terre http://www.iedm.org/fr/48374-les-taxes-et-frais-a-riens-doivent-revenir-sur-terre <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.blogues.journaldemontreal.com/iedm, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>L&#39;impact des imp&ocirc;ts, frais et droits sur les prix des billets d&#39;avion au pays.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/48374-les-taxes-et-frais-a-riens-doivent-revenir-sur-terre" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Fri, 28 Mar 2014 19:09:28 +0000 iedm 48374 at http://www.iedm.org Les taxes et frais aériens doivent revenir sur terre http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48373 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.blogues.journaldemontreal.com/iedm, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>The impact of taxes, fees and charges on the prices of airfares in Canada.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48373" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Fri, 28 Mar 2014 19:07:47 +0000 iedm 48373 at http://www.iedm.org Les tarifs aériens canadiens sont compétitifs, les taxes et les frais supplémentaires excessifs sont la source du problème http://www.iedm.org/fr/48046-les-tarifs-aeriens-canadiens-sont-competitifs-les-taxes-et-les-frais-supplementaires-excessifs-sont-la-source-du-probleme <p><strong>Montr&eacute;al, le jeudi 27 mars 2014 &ndash; </strong>Comme 75 % de la population du Canada vit &agrave; seulement 90 minutes de la fronti&egrave;re am&eacute;ricaine, de nombreux a&eacute;roports canadiens font concurrence aux a&eacute;roports du nord des &Eacute;tats-Unis pour attirer des passagers. En raison de cette proximit&eacute; g&eacute;ographique, les prix sont devenus l&#39;un des principaux avantages concurrentiels des a&eacute;roports dans leur qu&ecirc;te d&#39;une plus large client&egrave;le de passagers.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/48046-les-tarifs-aeriens-canadiens-sont-competitifs-les-taxes-et-les-frais-supplementaires-excessifs-sont-la-source-du-probleme" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Thu, 27 Mar 2014 09:00:00 +0000 iedm 48046 at http://www.iedm.org Canadian airfare prices are competitive, excessive taxes and surcharges are the main issue http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48045 <p><strong>Montreal, Thursday, March 27, 2014 &ndash;</strong> With 75 per cent of Canada&rsquo;s population living only 90 minutes from the U.S. border, many Canadian airports are competing for passengers with their northern American counterparts. This geographic proximity has made prices one of the biggest competitive advantages of airports in their quest to attract more passengers.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48045" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Thu, 27 Mar 2014 09:00:00 +0000 iedm 48045 at http://www.iedm.org Les tarifs aériens élevés et l'exode de passagers au Canada http://www.iedm.org/fr/48044-les-tarifs-aeriens-eleves-et-l-exode-de-passagers-au-canada <div class="field field-type-text field-field-subtitle"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Point expliquant pourquoi les impôts, frais et droits font en sorte d'augmenter les prix des billets d'avion et rendent les aéroports canadiens moins compétitifs par rapport aux aéroports américains </div> </div> </div> <p>&Eacute;tant donn&eacute; que 75 % de la population du Canada vit &agrave; seulement 90 minutes de la fronti&egrave;re am&eacute;ricaine, de nombreux a&eacute;roports r&eacute;gionaux canadiens sont en concurrence directe avec les a&eacute;roports du nord des &Eacute;tats-Unis. Cette proximit&eacute; g&eacute;ographique signifie que le prix des billets d&#39;avion est devenu l&#39;un des principaux avantages concurrentiels des a&eacute;roports dans leur qu&ecirc;te d&#39;une plus large client&egrave;le de passagers.</p><div class="field field-type-text field-field-full"> <div class="field-label">Contenu complet:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><strong><em>Point </em>pr&eacute;par&eacute; par Michel Kelly-Gagnon, pr&eacute;sident et directeur g&eacute;n&eacute;ral de l&#39;Institut &eacute;conomique de Montr&eacute;al.</strong><br /> <br /> &Eacute;tant donn&eacute; que 75 % de la population du Canada vit &agrave; seulement 90 minutes de la fronti&egrave;re am&eacute;ricaine, de nombreux a&eacute;roports r&eacute;gionaux canadiens sont en concurrence directe avec les a&eacute;roports du nord des &Eacute;tats-Unis. Cette proximit&eacute; g&eacute;ographique signifie que le prix des billets d&#39;avion est devenu l&#39;un des principaux avantages concurrentiels des a&eacute;roports dans leur qu&ecirc;te d&#39;une plus large client&egrave;le de passagers.<br /> <br /> Malheureusement, les tarifs a&eacute;riens pour des destinations en Am&eacute;rique du Nord sont nettement plus &eacute;lev&eacute;s quand le d&eacute;part s&#39;effectue d&#39;un a&eacute;roport canadien plut&ocirc;t que d&#39;un a&eacute;roport r&eacute;gional concurrent situ&eacute; aux &Eacute;tats-Unis. &Agrave; l&#39;&eacute;chelle nationale, la diff&eacute;rence de prix entre le Canada et les &Eacute;tats-Unis &eacute;tait de 428 $ en moyenne par passager pour un vol aller-retour(1).<br /> <br /> Bien que les tarifs a&eacute;riens varient consid&eacute;rablement selon la compagnie d&#39;aviation et la saison, il est possible d&#39;illustrer ce ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne en comparant deux vols types en partance de Montr&eacute;al et d&#39;un a&eacute;roport am&eacute;ricain limitrophe vers une destination soleil (Fort Lauderdale)(2) et une grande ville (New York)(3). Un m&ecirc;me jour, le passager qui prendra un vol de Montr&eacute;al &agrave; Fort Lauderdale paiera 36 % de plus que s&#39;il part de Plattsburgh, dans l&#39;&Eacute;tat de New York (soit 247 $ au lieu de 182 $). De la m&ecirc;me fa&ccedil;on, le vol vers New York sera 10&nbsp;% plus cher en partance de Montr&eacute;al (238 $) que de Burlington, au Vermont (217 $).<br /> <br /> Il n&#39;est donc pas &eacute;tonnant que 80 &agrave; 85 % des passagers &agrave; l&#39;a&eacute;roport de Plattsburgh(4) et 30 % des passagers &agrave; l&#39;a&eacute;roport de Burlington(5) soient canadiens. Le m&ecirc;me ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne nuit &agrave; d&#39;autres villes canadiennes comme Toronto et Vancouver, o&ugrave; de nombreux passagers pr&eacute;f&egrave;rent prendre l&#39;avion aux a&eacute;roports de Niagara Falls et de Bellingham respectivement.<br /> <br /> On estime que, chaque ann&eacute;e, environ 5 millions de Canadiens choisissent de franchir la fronti&egrave;re des &Eacute;tats-Unis pour partir en voyage d&#39;un a&eacute;roport am&eacute;ricain surtout &agrave; cause du prix &eacute;lev&eacute; des billets d&#39;avion &agrave; leur a&eacute;roport local canadien(6). Cet exode de passagers entra&icirc;ne des pertes &eacute;conomiques de 2,4 milliards de dollars en extrants et co&ucirc;te au pays tout pr&egrave;s de 9000 emplois(7) par ann&eacute;e.<br /> <br /> <strong>Taxes, frais et droits exigibles</strong><br /> <br /> Souvent, les tarifs de base ne sont pas tellement diff&eacute;rents dans les a&eacute;roports canadiens et am&eacute;ricains. En fait, le Conference Board du Canada a calcul&eacute; que les frais a&eacute;roportuaires et frais de navigation repr&eacute;sentent &agrave; eux seuls 40 % de l&#39;&eacute;cart de prix entre les tarifs a&eacute;riens au Canada et aux &Eacute;tats-Unis(8). Parmi les autres droits exigibles, mentionnons la TPS, la TVQ et les droits de s&eacute;curit&eacute; ainsi que le suppl&eacute;ment sur le carburant que comprend le tarif de base(9).<br /> <br /> Selon diverses &eacute;tudes(10) et le consensus des t&eacute;moignages pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s au Comit&eacute; s&eacute;natorial permanent des transports et des communications(11), les co&ucirc;ts plus &eacute;lev&eacute;s qui gr&egrave;vent la cha&icirc;ne logistique de l&#39;aviation canadienne r&eacute;sultent surtout de politiques gouvernementales qui se traduisent par l&#39;imposition de taxes, de frais et d&#39;autres droits. Ces pr&eacute;tentions sont confirm&eacute;es par une &eacute;tude du Forum &eacute;conomique mondial qui place le Canada au 136e rang sur 140 pays en ce qui a trait aux taxes frappant l&#39;industrie a&eacute;rienne et aux droits a&eacute;roportuaires(12).<br /> <br /> Si nous proc&eacute;dons &agrave; une ventilation du prix des vols de Montr&eacute;al &agrave; Fort Lauderdale ou &agrave; New York et de vols &eacute;quivalents en partance d&#39;a&eacute;roports am&eacute;ricains voisins, nous remarquons que les tarifs de base canadiens sont en fait inf&eacute;rieurs &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;quivalent am&eacute;ricain, ce qui est d&#39;autant plus impressionnant que Montr&eacute;al est plus &eacute;loign&eacute;e de l&#39;une et l&#39;autre destinations. Par contre, les taxes et frais au Canada sont plus de deux fois sup&eacute;rieurs aux taxes et frais am&eacute;ricains pour des vols &eacute;quivalents en partance de Plattsburgh et de Burlington. Ces droits additionnels constituent &agrave; peu pr&egrave;s le quart des tarifs a&eacute;riens canadiens (voir la figure 1 sur iedm.org).<br /> <br /> <strong>La location des a&eacute;roports n&#39;est pas la meilleure option</strong><br /> <br /> En 1992, le gouvernement f&eacute;d&eacute;ral a &eacute;tabli une structure de gouvernance des a&eacute;roports en vertu de laquelle il loue les terrains et actifs immobilis&eacute;s des a&eacute;roports &agrave; des soci&eacute;t&eacute;s sans but lucratif et sans capital-actions appel&eacute;es autorit&eacute;s a&eacute;roportuaires. Le fardeau du financement des am&eacute;liorations aux infrastructures a&eacute;roportuaires a &eacute;t&eacute; transmis &agrave; ces autorit&eacute;s et les principaux a&eacute;roports du Canada ne re&ccedil;oivent aucune subvention d&#39;Ottawa(13).<br /> <br /> Toutefois, parce que le gouvernement f&eacute;d&eacute;ral demeure propri&eacute;taire des a&eacute;roports, ces soci&eacute;t&eacute;s doivent payer un &laquo; loyer &raquo; en proportion des recettes d&#39;a&eacute;roport qui, dans le cas des trois grands a&eacute;roports du pays, s&#39;&eacute;l&egrave;ve &agrave; 12 %(14). Comme cette taxe est calcul&eacute;e en fonction des recettes des autorit&eacute;s a&eacute;roportuaires plut&ocirc;t que leurs b&eacute;n&eacute;fices, un a&eacute;roport doit hausser le prix de ses services quand ses recettes augmentent afin de parer &agrave; la hausse de son loyer.<br /> <br /> Les d&eacute;penses de 14 milliards de dollars qu&#39;ont engag&eacute;es les autorit&eacute;s a&eacute;roportuaires canadiennes pour des am&eacute;liorations depuis 2001(15) ont &eacute;t&eacute; en grande partie financ&eacute;es par un endettement &agrave; rembourser au moyen de droits qui sont refil&eacute;s aux consommateurs, par exemple les frais d&#39;am&eacute;liorations a&eacute;roportuaires. Ainsi, quand une expansion entra&icirc;ne une augmentation du trafic passagers, l&#39;autorit&eacute; a&eacute;roportuaire finit par verser un loyer plus &eacute;lev&eacute; au gouvernement m&ecirc;me si l&#39;a&eacute;rogare r&eacute;nov&eacute;e a &eacute;t&eacute; financ&eacute;e enti&egrave;rement par les clients. Le gouvernement r&eacute;cup&egrave;re plus d&#39;argent, autrement dit, sans en avoir engag&eacute; plus.<br /> <br /> Dans une &eacute;tude men&eacute;e en 2009, on a calcul&eacute; que l&#39;&eacute;limination du loyer a&eacute;roportuaire ferait augmenter le trafic passagers de 590 000 personnes annuellement(16). Pour ce faire, on pourrait transf&eacute;rer int&eacute;gralement la propri&eacute;t&eacute; des a&eacute;roports aux autorit&eacute;s a&eacute;roportuaires sans but lucratif ou leur r&eacute;clamer un loyer symbolique d&#39;un dollar par ann&eacute;e. Une telle mesure priverait Ottawa des 280 millions de dollars qu&#39;il per&ccedil;oit annuellement en loyers mais ce manque &agrave; gagner serait att&eacute;nu&eacute; par les revenus additionnels de 50 millions de dollars tir&eacute;s de l&#39;augmentation du trafic passagers(17).<br /> <br /> Toutefois, le gouvernement f&eacute;d&eacute;ral pourrait r&eacute;cup&eacute;rer ces pertes de revenu &mdash; et bien plus encore &mdash; en vendant les a&eacute;roports &agrave; des investisseurs priv&eacute;s. La Caisse de d&eacute;p&ocirc;t et placement du Qu&eacute;bec est d&eacute;j&agrave; propri&eacute;taire de 13,29 % de l&#39;a&eacute;roport Heathrow &agrave; Londres(18). D&#39;autres mesures comme l&#39;&eacute;limination du suppl&eacute;ment sur le carburant d&#39;aviation et l&#39;adoption d&#39;exigences de propri&eacute;t&eacute; moins restrictives relativement aux compagnies a&eacute;riennes aideraient aussi &agrave; r&eacute;tablir la comp&eacute;titivit&eacute; des a&eacute;roports du Canada, ce qui profiterait grandement aux voyageurs ainsi qu&#39;&agrave; l&#39;&eacute;conomie canadienne de fa&ccedil;on plus g&eacute;n&eacute;rale.<br /> <br /> <strong>Notes</strong><br /> <br /> 1. Conseil des a&eacute;roports du Canada, cit&eacute; dans Comit&eacute; permanent des transports et des communications (TRCM), L&#39;avenir des d&eacute;placements a&eacute;riens au Canada : poste de p&eacute;age ou bougie d&#39;allumage?, juin 2012, p. 11.<br /> 2. Vols &agrave; destination de Fort Lauderdale effectu&eacute;s le 15 avril 2014 &agrave; bord d&#39;Air Canada (en partance de Montr&eacute;al) et de Spirit Airlines (en partance de Plattsburgh), au tarif le plus bas disponible. Les prix et le taux de change sont ceux en vigueur le 18 mars 2014.<br /> 3. Vols &agrave; destination de New York effectu&eacute;s le 16 avril 2014 &agrave; bord d&#39;Air Canada (en partance de Montr&eacute;al) et de Delta Air Lines (en partance de Burlington), au tarif le plus bas disponible. Les prix et le taux de change sont ceux en vigueur le 18 mars 2014.<br /> 4. Information obtenue de Kristy Kennedy, vice-pr&eacute;sidente, marketing &agrave; l&#39;a&eacute;roport de Plattsburgh, lors d&#39;une conversation t&eacute;l&eacute;phonique le 4 mars 2014.<br /> 5. Information obtenue de Ryan Betcher, agent en marketing, baux et contrats &agrave; l&#39;a&eacute;roport de Burlington, lors d&#39;une conversation t&eacute;l&eacute;phonique le 4 mars 2014.<br /> 6. Vijay Gill, Driven Away: Why More Canadians are Choosing Cross Border Airports, r&eacute;sum&eacute;, Conference Board du Canada, octobre 2012.<br /> 7. Conseil des a&eacute;roports du Canada, cit&eacute; dans Comit&eacute; permanent des transports et des communications, op. cit., note 1.<br /> 8. Vijay Gill, op. cit., note 6.<br /> 9. Air Canada, &Agrave; quoi correspondent les taxes, les frais et les autres droits inclus dans le prix total?<br /> 10. Voir, par exemple, Vijay Gill, op. cit., note 6; Benjamin Dachis, Full Throttle: Reforming Canada&#39;s Aviation Policy, Institut C.D. Howe, commentaire no 398, janvier 2014; Ben Cherniavsky et Benjamin Dachis, Excess Baggage: Measuring Air Transportation&#39;s Fiscal Burden, Institut C.D. Howe, commentaire no 242, f&eacute;vrier 2007; St&eacute;phanie Giaume et Martin Masse, Des mesures pour accro&icirc;tre la comp&eacute;titivit&eacute; de l&#39;industrie a&eacute;rienne canadienne, Institut &eacute;conomique de Montr&eacute;al, novembre 2006.<br /> 11. Conseil des a&eacute;roports du Canada, cit&eacute; dans Comit&eacute; s&eacute;natorial permanent des transports et des communications, op. cit., note 1, p. 8.<br /> 12. Jennifer Blanke et Thea Chiesa, The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2013: Reducing Barriers to Economic Growth and Job Creation, Forum &eacute;conomique mondial, 2013, p. 131.<br /> 13. Institut sur la gouvernance d&#39;organisations priv&eacute;es et publiques, La gouvernance des a&eacute;roports au Canada : enjeux et recommandations, 2014, p. 9.<br /> 14. Ben Cherniavsky et Benjamin Dachis, Excess Baggage: Measuring Air Transportation&#39;s Fiscal Burden, Institut C.D. Howe, commentaire no 242, f&eacute;vrier 2007, p. 4.<br /> 15. Institut sur la gouvernance d&#39;organisations priv&eacute;es et publiques, op. cit., note 13, p. 14.<br /> 16. InterVISTAS Consulting Inc., The Elimination of Airport Rent: Return on Investment, 21 juillet 2009, p. 5.<br /> 17. Ibid., p. iii.<br /> 18. A&eacute;roport Heathrow, About Heathrow Airport &mdash; Company information.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/48044-les-tarifs-aeriens-eleves-et-l-exode-de-passagers-au-canada" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Thu, 27 Mar 2014 09:00:00 +0000 iedm 48044 at http://www.iedm.org Canada's High Airfares and Passenger Leakage http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48043 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-subtitle"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Viewpoint explaining why taxes, fees and charges increase the prices of airfares and make Canadian airports less competitive in relation to American airports </div> </div> </div> <p>Because 75% of Canada&#39;s population lives only 90 minutes from the U. S. border, many regional Canadian airports are in direct competition with their northern American counterparts. This geographical proximity means that airfare prices have become one of the biggest competitive advantages of airports in the quest to attract more passengers. This <em>Viewpoint </em>explains why taxes, fees and charges increase the prices of airfares and make Canadian airports less competitive in relation to American airports.<br /> </p><div class="field field-type-text field-field-full"> <div class="field-label">Contenu complet:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p><strong><em>Viewpoint </em>prepared by Michel Kelly-Gagnon, President and CEO of the Montreal Economic Institute.</strong><br /> <br /> Because 75% of Canada&rsquo;s population lives only 90 minutes from the U.S. border, many regional Canadian airports are in direct competition with their northern American counterparts. This geographical proximity means that airfare prices have become one of the biggest competitive advantages of airports in the quest to attract more passengers.<br /> <br /> Unfortunately, airfares to North American destinations are significantly higher if one departs from a Canadian airport rather than its regional American competitor. On a national scale, the difference between Canadian and American roundtrip flights averaged $428 per passenger.(1)<br /> <br /> Although airfares vary considerably across airlines and seasons, it is possible to illustrate this phenomenon by comparing two typical flights for a passenger leaving from Montreal with those leaving from just across the border: a sunny destination (Fort Lauderdale)(2) and a major city (New York City).(3) On the same day, a passenger flying from Montreal to Fort Lauderdale will pay 36% more ($247) than if he had left from Plattsburgh, NY ($182). Similarly, the flight to New York City is 10% more expensive from Montreal ($238) than from Burlington, VT ($217).<br /> <br /> It is no surprise, then, that between 80% and 85% of passengers at Plattsburgh Airport,(4) and 30% at Burlington Airport,(5) are Canadian. The same phenomenon affects other Canadian cities such as Toronto and Vancouver, where many passengers choose to depart from Niagara Falls and Bellingham Airports, respectively.<br /> <br /> It is estimated that each year, some five million Canadians choose to cross the border into the United States to begin their journeys from American airports primarily because of the high prices of airline tickets at their local Canadian airport.(6) This passenger leakage amounts to an economic loss of $2.4 billion in output and costs the country nearly 9,000 jobs(7) per year.<br /> <br /> <strong>Taxes, fees and charges</strong><br /> <br /> Base fares are often not that different between Canadian and American airports. In fact, the Conference Board of Canada calculated that 40% of the price difference between Canadian and American airfares is due to airport fees and navigational fees alone.(8) Other charges include the GST, the QST and security charges, as well as the fuel surcharges included in the base fare.(9)<br /> <br /> According to various studies,(10) and the consensus of testimonies reported to the Standing Senate Committee on Transport and Communications,(11) the higher costs in Canada&rsquo;s aviation supply chain are mainly the result of government policies, through the form of taxes, fees and other charges. These claims are supported by a study from the World Economic Forum which ranks Canada 136th out of 140 countries when it comes to airline taxes and airport charges.(12)<br /> <br /> When breaking down the prices of flights from Montreal to Fort Lauderdale or New York City and their equivalents from nearby U.S. airports, we observe that Canadian base fares are actually lower than their U.S. equivalents, which is all the more impressive since Montreal is farther away from both destinations. Conversely, Canadian taxes and fees are more than twice as high as U.S. taxes and fees for equivalent flights from Plattsburgh and Burlington. These additional charges account for roughly a quarter of the Canadian airfares (see Figure 1 on iedm.org).<br /> <br /> <strong>Renting airports is not the best option</strong><br /> <br /> In 1992, the federal government set up an airport governance structure by which it leased airport lands and capital assets to nonprofit non-share corporations called Airport Authorities. The financial burden of funding airport infrastructure improvements was delegated to these authorities, while Canada&rsquo;s major airports receive no subsidies from Ottawa.(13) However, because the ownership of airports remains in the hands of the federal government, these organizations must pay &ldquo;rent&rdquo; proportional to the airports&rsquo; revenues which, for Canada&rsquo;s three major airports, stands at 12%.(14) Since this tax is calculated on the Airport Authorities&rsquo; revenues instead of its profits, an airport must increase the prices of its services when its revenues increase in order to cover the higher rent payments.<br /> <br /> The $14 billion spent by Canadian airport authorities for improvements since 2001(15) was largely funded by debt, to be repaid by charges passed along to consumers, such as Airport Improvement Fees. So when an expansion leads to increased passenger traffic, the airport authority ends up paying more rent to the government, even though the upgraded terminal was financed entirely by customers. The government gets more money back, in other words, without having put more in.<br /> <br /> A 2009 study calculated that eliminating the airport rent would increase passenger traffic by 590,000 annually.(16) This could be done by fully transferring ownership of airports to the non-profit airport authorities or by charging them a symbolic rent of $1 per year. Such a measure would deprive Ottawa of the $280 million it collects each year from rents, although this would be mitigated by an extra $50 million in revenue from increased passenger traffic.(17)<br /> <br /> However, the federal government could recover these losses in revenue&mdash;and much more&mdash;by selling airports off to private investors. The Caisse de d&eacute;p&ocirc;t et placement du Qu&eacute;bec already owns 13.29% of Heathrow Airport in London.(18) Other measures, such as eliminating the aviation fuel surcharges and enacting less restrictive ownership requirements for airlines, would also help restore the competitiveness of Canadian airports, greatly benefiting Canadian travellers and the Canadian economy more generally.<br /> <br /> <strong>Notes</strong><br /> <br /> 1. Canadian Airports Council, cited in Standing Committee on Transport and Communications (TRCM), The Future of Canadian Air Travel: Toll Booth or Spark Plug?, June 2012, p. 10.<br /> 2. Flights to Fort Lauderdale on April 15, 2014 with Air Canada (from Montreal) and Spirit Airlines (from Plattsburgh), cheapest fare available. Prices and exchange rate as of March 18, 2014.<br /> 3. Flights to New York City on April 16, 2014 with Air Canada (from Montreal) and Delta Air Lines (from Burlington), cheapest fare available. Prices and exchange rate as of March 18, 2014.<br /> 4. Information obtained from Kristy Kennedy, Vice President of marketing at Plattsburgh Airport, via a telephone conversation on March 4, 2014.<br /> 5. Information obtained from Ryan Betcher, Marketing, Leases and Contracts official at Burlington Airport, via a telephone conversation on March 4, 2014.<br /> 6. Vijay Gill, Driven Away: Why More Canadians are Choosing Cross Border Airports, Executive Summary, The Conference Board of Canada, October 2012.<br /> 7. Canadian Airports Council, cited in Standing Committee on Transport and Communications, op. cit., footnote 1.<br /> 8. Vijay Gill, op. cit., footnote 6.<br /> 9. Air Canada, What are the additional charges in my Fare?<br /> 10. See for instance Vijay Gill, op. cit., footnote 6; Benjamin Dachis, Full Throttle: Reforming Canada&#39;s Aviation Policy, C.D. Howe Institute, Commentary No. 398, January 2014; Ben Cherniavsky and Benjamin Dachis, Excess Baggage: Measuring Air Transportation&#39;s Fiscal Burden, C.D. Howe Institute, Commentary No. 242, February 2007; St&eacute;phanie Giaume and Martin Masse, How to make the Canadian airline industry more competitive, Montreal Economic Institute, November 2006.<br /> 11. Canadian Airports Council, cited in Standing Senate Committee on Transport and Communications, op. cit., footnote 1, p. 7.<br /> 12. Jennifer Blanke and Thea Chiesa, The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2013: Reducing Barriers to Economic Growth and Job Creation, World Economic Forum, 2013, p. 131.<br /> 13. Institute for Governance of Private and Public Organizations, The Governance of Canadian Airports: Issues and Recommendations, 2014, p. 9.<br /> 14. Ben Cherniavsky and Benjamin Dachis, Excess Baggage: Measuring Air Transportation&#39;s Fiscal Burden, C.D. Howe Institute, Commentary No. 242, February 2007, p. 4.<br /> 15. Institute for Governance of Private and Public Organizations, op. cit., footnote 13, p. 14.<br /> 16. InterVISTAS Consulting Inc., The Elimination of Airport Rent: Return on Investment, July 21, 2009, p. 5.<br /> 17. Ibid., p. iii.<br /> 18. Heathrow Airport, About Heathrow Airport &mdash; Company information.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48043" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Thu, 27 Mar 2014 09:00:00 +0000 iedm 48043 at http://www.iedm.org La dette du secteur public, notre « vraie » dette http://www.iedm.org/fr/48048-la-dette-du-secteur-public-notre-vraie-dette <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.blogues.journaldemontreal.com/iedm, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>L&#39;&eacute;tat de la dette au Qu&eacute;bec.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/48048-la-dette-du-secteur-public-notre-vraie-dette" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Wed, 26 Mar 2014 19:16:04 +0000 iedm 48048 at http://www.iedm.org La dette du secteur public, notre « vraie » dette http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48047 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.blogues.journaldemontreal.com/iedm, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>The Quebec public sector debt.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48047" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Wed, 26 Mar 2014 19:14:31 +0000 iedm 48047 at http://www.iedm.org Market solutions should be used to improve health care http://www.iedm.org/fr/48025-market-solutions-should-be-used-to-improve-health-care <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> The Gazette, p. A13 </div> </div> </div> <p>Six id&eacute;es concr&egrave;tes pour r&eacute;former le syst&egrave;me de sant&eacute; au Qu&eacute;bec.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/48025-market-solutions-should-be-used-to-improve-health-care" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Fri, 21 Mar 2014 10:35:55 +0000 iedm 48025 at http://www.iedm.org Market solutions should be used to improve health care http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48024 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> The Gazette, p. A13 </div> </div> </div> <p>Six concrete ideas to reform Quebec&#39;s health care system.</p> <p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/node/48024" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Fri, 21 Mar 2014 10:33:05 +0000 iedm 48024 at http://www.iedm.org Des idées qui font du chemin http://www.iedm.org/fr/48004-des-id-es-qui-font-du-chemin <div class="field field-type-text field-field-source"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> www.blogues.journaldemontreal.com/iedm, p. Web </div> </div> </div> <p>Les enjeux de la campagne &eacute;lectorale qu&eacute;b&eacute;coise.</p><p><a href="http://www.iedm.org/fr/48004-des-id-es-qui-font-du-chemin" target="_blank">en lire plus</a></p> Wed, 19 Mar 2014 11:35:04 +0000 iedm 48004 at http://www.iedm.org