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15. Have the Kyoto Protocol targets been respected?

15. Have the Kyoto Protocol targets been respected?

According to preliminary figures, global greenhouse gas emissions for countries participating in the Kyoto Protocol were reduced by 22.6% compared to the reference year, 1990.(32) The overall target was substantially surpassed, but this is not the case for each of the participating countries. Figure 1-10 shows the GHG emissions gap in percentages compared to the initial target.

In Canada, none of the provinces has respected the Canadian GHG reduction target, which was 6% below the 1990 level for the 2008-2012 period. Quebec only exceeded the target by 1%, however, whereas Saskatchewan exceeded it by 66% (see Figure 1-11).

Figure 1-10
Gap between actual emissions and Kyoto Protocol GHG reduction objectives




Note: The United States are not part of the Kyoto Protocol, while Canada withdrew from it in 2012. We have included them for purposes of comparison.
Sources: Authors’ calculations. United Nations, Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, article 3, 1998; United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol Reference Manual on Accounting of Emissions and Assigned Amount, 2008, p. 55; United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Time series - Annex I, Data for greenhouse gas (GHG) total.

Figure 1-11
Gap between actual emissions and Canada’s Kyoto Protocol GHG reduction objectives




Sources: Government of Canada, National and Provincial/Territorial Greenhouse Gas Emission Tables, 1990-2013, August 24, 2015; United Nations, Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Annex B, 1998.

Note
32. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, “The Kyoto Protocol - A Critical Step Forward: Emissions of Countries with Targets Fell Faster than Expected,” February 13, 2015, p. 1.

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