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Publications

Air Transport: High Taxes and Fees Penalize Travellers
Economic Note detailing the many taxes and fees that weigh on the Canadian air transport sector, and how reducing this burden would promote its growth
The Canadian air transport sector has experienced significant expansion in recent years. Nonetheless, a multitude of taxes and fees are restricting its potential for growth. Given that favourable conditions are dissipating, especially when it comes to low fuel prices, what can governments do to reduce the fees imposed on transporters, and ultimately on travellers?
21 June 2018June 21, 2018

The Carbon Market: Chasing Away Jobs and Capital without Reducing GHGs
Economic note showing how imposing a price on carbon through cap-and-trade will have a negligible effect on GHG emissions, but a significant impact on the economy
A carbon market, like a carbon tax, aims to modify behaviours in order to reduce GHG emissions by setting a price for them. Although such mechanisms are regularly mentioned in the news, their economic consequences are less often discussed, to say nothing of their effectiveness. Does imposing a price on carbon always reduce emissions, or does it instead displace them, along with the accompanying economic activity? In the two scenarios examined here, the effect on GHG emissions would be negligible, but the economic impact would be significant.
13 June 2018June 13, 2018

The State of Competition in Canada’s Telecommunications Industry – 2018
Research Paper analyzing various aspects of the Canadian telecommunications industry related to competition
The criticism most often heard regarding the telecommunications industry in Canada, and especially wireless services, is that Canadians pay a lot more than people in other countries for lower quality services. It is this criticism that was used to justify the federal government’s and the CRTC’s numerous interventions over the past few years aimed at promoting more competition in the wireless sector. But does this criticism stand up under scrutiny?
8 May 2018May 8, 2018

Economic Freedom Promotes Freedom of the Press
Economic Note explaining how the more economically free a country is, the more press freedom exists there
The virtues of press freedom are widely recognized today. Economic freedom, another essential liberty, is for its part underappreciated. Yet it makes a substantial contribution to the improvement of human well-being, in addition to which it is a necessary condition for ensuring a certain degree of press freedom.
3 May 2018May 3, 2018

Relying on Entrepreneurs to House and Care for Our Seniors
Viewpoint showing how entrepreneurial dynamism meets the demand for care for the elderly while offering quality services
It seems that each week brings its share of bad news about the Quebec health care system, to the point that we forget that certain of its components work rather well. This is the case for senior housing and care, largely provided by the private sector.
26 April 2018April 26, 2018

Ontario vs. Quebec: Whose Public Finances Are Worse?
Viewpoint explaining how Ontario is tending toward the Quebec model with increasingly high levels of spending, taxation and indebtedness
For decades, Quebec has been known for its rotten public finances: recurrent deficits, lots of spending, and high taxes. But the provincial budgets tabled this spring by the governments of both Quebec and Ontario suggest that the latter province is now competing for the top prize in terms of financial recklessness.
24 April 2018April 24, 2018

Innovative Drugs: A Bureaucratic Obstacle Course
Viewpoint describing the burdensome regulatory process delaying the reimbursement of new drugs by Canada’s public plans
Innovative drugs help people enjoy longer, healthier, more productive lives. They also allow our health care systems to save money. However, the reimbursement of new drugs by Canada's public plans can face considerable delays due to a very burdensome regulatory process. Far from resolving this problem, a new reform will duplicate certain stages of this process and possibly lengthen it.
5 April 2018April 5, 2018

It’s Time to End Med School Quotas
Viewpoint explaining how government control over access to medical training hurts patients
Quebec’s Health Minister announced a reduction in the number of medical school admissions last year in order to keep doctors from ending up unemployed in the future. And yet, one in five Quebecers still does not have a family doctor, and proportionally, Quebec has fewer doctors than most industrialized countries. Is this government control over access to medical training the best way to meet Quebecers’ health care needs?
15 March 2018March 15, 2018

Maple Syrup: Quebec Is Hurting Its Producers and Encouraging Its Competitors
Viewpoint showing how the restrictive rules imposed on Quebec maple syrup producers have reduced their global market share
Each new sugaring-off season brings its share of controversies, with stories about seizures of syrup from producers making headlines. The rules that apply to Quebec maple syrup producers are indeed very restrictive, in addition to stimulating the growth of their competitors in neighbouring provinces and U.S. states.
8 March 2018March 8, 2018

Does Economic Growth Benefit the Poor?
Viewpoint explaining that contrary to popular belief, economic growth is the best way to reduce poverty
Is it true that economic growth only benefits a small, privileged elite? This seems to be the belief of certain groups that regularly denounce a “crisis of inequality” in many countries, including Canada. Yet this perspective, which considers wealth creation to be a zero-sum game in which the poorest are prisoners of their economic circumstances, is simply mistaken.
22 February 2018February 22, 2018

Health and Education: Spending Has Continued to Grow
Viewpoint showing that the problem with health care and education is not the lack of resources
In November 2017, Quebec announced a $1.1-billion personal income tax reduction. Some argued then that the reason the government could afford to reduce the tax burden was that it had reduced spending on health and education, and that these sectors had been starved by years of successive cuts. However, both health care spending and education spending have increased considerably in recent years.
7 February 2018February 7, 2018

Quebec Is Still a Corporate Subsidy Champion
Viewpoint examining the disproportionate use of subsidies by the Quebec government
Even though corporate subsidies have often been criticized for their undesirable economic effects and for discriminating in favour of certain sectors or companies, they continue to be very present in the Quebec economy. Quebec pays out twice as much in corporate subsidies as Ontario, proportional to the size of its economy. This policy does not make Quebecers richer.
18 January 2018January 18, 2018


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